BBC News
watch One-Minute World News
Last Updated: Tuesday, 18 December 2007, 17:04 GMT
Funds boost Europe Mars mission
By Jonathan Fildes
Science and technology reporter, BBC News

Europe's ExoMars rover is scheduled to launch in 2013

The European Space Agency (Esa) has agreed to fund work on its flagship ExoMars mission despite not having final go-ahead from European ministers.

The agency has said it will commit 80 million euros to fund initial work to develop the Martian robot rover.

Starting work in 2008 is crucial if Esa is to launch ExoMars, which will search for signs of life, in 2013.

European governments will not make a decision to fund the one billion euro mission until November 2008.

"If we want to preserve the launch date in 2013 we cannot stop at all," Jorge Vago, ExoMars project scientist, told BBC News.

"We need to start procuring long-lead items - the sort of stuff you order today and you get in one and a half years."

The next available launch opportunity would be 2016.

Rocket choice

The mission has already been delayed by two years after the project was redesigned to be lofted by an Ariane 5 rather than Soyuz rocket.

EXOMARS MISSION CONCEPT
ExoMars concept (Esa)
Set to leave Earth in 2013; primary aim is to search for life
Will launch on a heavy-lift Proton or Ariane 5 rocket
Vented landing bags allow for a larger payload
Rover will carry a 16.5kg 'Pasteur' instrument suite
30kg geophysics/environment static station also possible
This would study the weather and listen for 'Marsquakes'
Concept to cost Esa states more than first estimates

"The cost of delaying from 2011 to 2013 was 150 million euros," said Dr Vago. "So, if we delay to 2016 you can expect something in the order of that."

The more powerful Ariane 5 was chosen as it is able to support a larger payload, allowing more scientific instruments to be carried and a possible orbiter to communicate with, and relay data, to Earth.

Esa is keen to send its own orbiting spacecraft as, under current plans, ExoMars will have to rely on the US space agency's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) for communications with Earth.

"The Ariane 5 mission is the right thing to do," said Dr Vago.

However, there is still a chance that the mission will have to be tweaked again if Esa decides to blast ExoMars into space on top of a cheaper Russian Proton rocket.

Launching on an Ariane 5 from Europe's own spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, will cost about 150m euros - 60m euros more than the asking price of a Russian Proton vehicle.

Time critical

The mission's price tag will be discussed at a meeting of ministers from Esa member states in November 2008.

Ariane 5 ECA rocket. Image: AP
The Ariane 5 rocket is the favoured launch platform

"It could be that we go to the ministry and the countries say 'we have already given you 650 million [Euros] and now you are asking for double that, and we don't like it'," said Dr Vago.

"But we are doing what we believe is right - what is right for the mission, what is right for science, what is right for Europe and what is right for industry."

As a result, Esa has decided to stump up the first 80 million euros without a 100% guarantee that the full cost of the mission will be covered by member states.

"We are giving it all to launch in 2013 not just to contain costs but also because the time will be right for the science," said Dr Vago.

In 2010, Nasa's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) is expected to begin sending back its first results from the surface of the Red Planet.

"We are bringing the next step in exploration technology which is subsurface science," said Dr Vago. "It will be prime time to pluck that apple - it would be a shame to delay to 2016."



SEE ALSO
Europe eyes Mars landing sites
15 Nov 07 |  Science/Nature
Request made for Mars rover price
25 Jul 07 |  Science/Nature
Volunteers sought for Mars test
20 Jun 07 |  Science/Nature
Design boost for European rover
12 Jun 07 |  Science/Nature
Success for Mars rover bag test
10 Jun 07 |  Science/Nature
Space agencies will 'co-ordinate'
31 May 07 |  Science/Nature
Europe Mars shot looks to upgrade
16 Mar 06 |  Science/Nature
Mars chip to test for life signs
12 Jun 06 |  Science/Nature
European Mars launch pushed back
10 Nov 06 |  Science/Nature

RELATED INTERNET LINKS
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites



FEATURES, VIEWS, ANALYSIS
Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit

PRODUCTS & SERVICES

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific