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Last Updated: Friday, 3 February 2006, 13:56 GMT
Rat brain 'can smell in stereo'
Rat (Image: NPL/Susan McMillan)
Rats could locate the source of a smell with one or two sniffs
Rats can home in on smells using a method similar to the stereo processing of sounds, scientists say.

Indian experts found 90% of neurons in the olfactory bulb of the rodent's brain respond differently to smells coming from the left and right.

Details of the study appear in the latest issue of the journal Science.

The rats needed only one or two sniffs to accurately locate the source of an odour, the University of Agricultural Science, Bangalore, team reports.

For rats, "each sniff is a perceptually complete snapshot of the olfactory world, including both odour identity and stereo-based location," Raghav Rajan and colleagues write in Science.

The researchers got lab rats to stick their noses in holes in their cages to pick up odours sprayed from either the left or the right.

If the smell came from the left, the rats would receive a water reward by licking the spout on the left. The same would apply if the smell came from the right.

The rats were able to accurately determine which direction the odour came from in as little as 50 milliseconds.

The researchers say the rat's stereo sense of smell gives it an evolutionary advantage: allowing it to locate food or predators more quickly and precisely.




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