Tuesday, May 25, 1999 Published at 16:47 GMT 17:47 UK
Japanese eat unfit 'whale' meat
Whale meat is not always what it seems
By Environment Correspondent Alex Kirby
Two conservation groups have told the International Whaling Commission (IWC) of a scam they say endangers Japanese consumers.
The groups are the UK-based Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society (WDCS) and the Swiss Coalition for the Protection of Whales (SCPW).
In their evidence to the IWC, holding its annual conference on the Caribbean island of Grenada, they claim about 1,800 tonnes of contaminated dolphin meat a year is creating a public health risk.
The groups funded research by scientists from Harvard university and two Japanese toxicology laboratories.
The scientists analysed 130 samples sold as "whale meat" in six cities across Japan. DNA analysis showed that 25% of the samples were "mis-advertised" - they came from or contained a species different from the one offered for sale.
The scientists also found that 95% of the dolphin and porpoise meat contained at least one pollutant type above the levels set by Japan as safe for human consumption.
One sample contained mercury levels more than 200 times higher than Japan's maximum permitted limit. Others contained a range of organochlorines, which can accumulate in the food chain.
Last year a 12-year study of the children of people in the Faroes who ate pilot whales showed a link between developmental problems and maternal exposure to chemicals.
Women were warned not to eat some pilot whale products until they had ended their child-bearing years. WDCS and SCPW say the study provides "clear evidence that unscrupulous processors and retailers are buying cheap meat from tens of thousands of dolphins and porpoises".
They say that in 1997 Japanese whalers killed 20,236 small cetaceans in the country's coastal waters.
These included Dall's porpoises, striped, spotted, bottlenose and Risso's dolphins, short-finned pilot whales, killer and false killer whales, and Baird's beaked whales.
The two groups say that if the Japanese Government fails to warn consumers of its findings "it will be complicit in an appalling fraud on the innocent public".