BBC NEWS Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific
BBCi NEWS   SPORT   WEATHER   WORLD SERVICE   A-Z INDEX     

BBC News World Edition
 You are in: Programmes: Panorama: Tranquillisers  
News Front Page
Africa
Americas
Asia-Pacific
Europe
Middle East
South Asia
UK
Business
Entertainment
Science/Nature
Technology
Health
-------------
Talking Point
-------------
Country Profiles
In Depth
-------------
Programmes
-------------
BBC Sport
BBC Weather
SERVICES
-------------
EDITIONS
Tranquillisers Wednesday, 9 May, 2001, 15:40 GMT 16:40 UK
Benzodiazepines A - Z
Benzodiazepines A - Z

Search By: Drug Name
  

Search By: Brand Name
  


Alprazolam
Also known as Xanax™
  • Used for management of anxiety disorders or shot term symptomatic relief of excessive anxiety.
  • Should not be used for patients with psychosis or depression.
  • Not recommended for use in pregnancy, in infants and in patients with myasthenia gravis and acute narrow angle glaucoma.
Back to top

Bromazepam
Also known as Lexotan™

  • Used for muscle relaxant and anti-convulsant properties. Used to treat psychoneurosis, anxiety states creating general feeling of tension and agitation in the patient.
  • Should not be used for Myasthenia gravis.
  • Not recommended for use in pregnancy and lactation.
Back to top

Chlorodiazepoxide
Also known as Librium™

  • Used for relief of mild anxiety and tension. Also as an adjunct in tension states associated with insomnia, pre and post operative apprehension, PMT, tension headache.
  • Use with caution for patients with a history of blood dyscrasias or hepatic or renal disease.
Back to top

Clobazam
Also known as Frisium™

  • Used for treating seizures. Only used in combination with other anticonvulsant medication.
  • Should not be used in first trimester of pregnancy and while breast feeding.
  • Not recommended for patients with depression.
  • Use with caution if using other central nervous system depressants (including alcohol).
Back to top

Clonazepam
Also known as Rivotril™

  • Used for treating seizures. It can be used alone or in combination with other anticonvulsant medication.
  • Should not be used by patients with significant liver disease, narrow angle glaucoma, or a sensitivity to benzodiazepines. Also should not be used during pregnancy and while breast feeding.
  • Not recommended for use in patients with chronic respiratory diseases, or who have jobs requiring complete mental alertness, such as operating machinery or driving a motor vehicle.
  • Should not be used with other Central nervous systems depressant drugs or alcohol.
Back to top

Clorazepate
Also known as Tranxene™

  • Used for treating anxiety and symptomatic treatment of acute alcohol withdrawals, to help control epilepsy, irritable bowel syndrome, tension, fatigue, panic attacks and other convulsive disorders.
  • Should not be used with other sedatives or alcohol.
  • Should not be used when pregnant or breastfeeding. Not suitable for children under nine years of age.
Back to top

Diazepam
Also known as Valium™

  • Used for short-term relief of symptoms related to anxiety disorders.
  • Also used for the treatment of agitation, tremors, delirium, seizures, and hallucinations as a result of alcohol withdrawal.
  • Also used for relief of muscle spasms in certain neurological diseases and to abort active seizures.
  • Should not be used for patients with Myasthenia gravis, known hypersensitivity to benzodiazepines.
  • Not recommended for children under six months of age. Also rarely justified in women of childbearing potential as several studies suggest an increased risk of congenital malformations associated with the use of diazepam during the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Patients should be advised to avoid alcohol.
Back to top

Flunitrazepam
Also known as Rohypnol™

  • Used for insomnia.
  • Should not be used with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants.
  • Abused by clubbers - Rohypnol is also known as "the date rape drug" - reports exist of people having their alcoholic drink 'spiked' with the drug inducing black out.
Back to top

Flurazepam
Also known as Dalmane™
Used for insomnia.

  • Should not be used by those with a hypersensitivity to benzodiazepines.
  • Not recommended for use in children under 15.
    Back to top

    Loprazolam
    Also known as Dormonoct™

    • Used for short term treatment of insomnia, sleep disturbances in geriatric patients and pre-operative sleep disturbances.
    • Should not be used for Myasthenia gravis.
    • Not recommended for use in patients suffering from anxiety with an underlying depressive disorder, those suffering from impaired renal and hepatic function or pregnant or lactating women.
    Back to top

    Lorazepam
    Also known as Ativan™

    • Used for short term relief of exessive anxiety in patients with anxiety neurosis. Also used as anticonvulsant for the control of status epilepticus.
    • Should not be used for patients with Myasthenia gravis, acute narrow angle glaucoma, known hypersensitvity to benzodiazepines.
    • Not recommended for use in patients under 18 or for use in depressive neurosis or in psychotic reactions.
    • Should not be used with other central nervous systems depressant drugs or alcohol.
    Back to top

    Lormetazepam
    Also known as Noctamid™

    • Used as a sedative hypnotic.
    • Should not be used on patients with known hypersensitivity to benzodiazepines.
    • Not advised for pregnant or lactating women.
    • Use with caution in patients suffering from anxiety with underlying depressive disorder. Also with patients with narrow angle glaucoma, hepatic or renal function impairment and the elderly.
    Back to top

    Midazolam
    Also known as Hypnovel™

    • Used for anaesthetic premedication and difficulty in falling asleep.
    • Should not be used for Myasthenia gravis, or those hypersensitive to benzodiazepines, those with insomnia in psychosis or severe depression, for pregnant or lactating women, children, those with severe hepatic impairment, severe respiratory insufficiency or sleep apnoea syndrome.
    • Use with caution in patients with a history of alcohol or drug abuse.
    Back to top

    Nitrazepam
    Also known as Mogadon™, Remitas™, & Somnite™

    • Used for short-term relief of insomnia caused by anxiety related factors. Also used for infantile spasms.
    • Should not be used for Myasthenia gravis, those with hypersensitivitiy to benzodiazepines, severe respiratory insufficiency, sleep apnoea syndrome or severe hepatic insufficiency.
    • Not recommended for use in pregnancy or by lactating women. Not recommended for those with depressive disorders or psychotic illness.
    Back to top

    Oxazepam
    Also known as Serenid D™

    • Used for anxiety disorders or for short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. Used to treat alcoholics with acute tremulousness, inebriation or anxiety associated with alcohol withdrawal.
    • Should not be used in patients with a depressive disorder or with psychosis, sensitivity to benzodiazepines or in pregnant and lactating women.
    Back to top

    Temazepam
    Also known as Normison™, Restoril™, & Unipos™

    • Used for Insomnia - but it has no effect in shortening the time taken by patients to fall asleep and its efficacy has not been established in children under 18 years of age.
    • Should not be used with other central nervous system depressant drugs or alcohol. Should not be used during pregnancy.
    • Use with caution in patients with symptoms of depression or evidence of latent depression.
    Back to top

    Triazolam
    Also known as Halcion™

    (Banned in the UK now but still available in France and US)

    • Used for transient and short-term insomnia.
    • Should not be used in patients with known hypersensitivity to benzodiazepines, those who have history of substance or alcohol abuse or pregnant women.
    • Should be given with caution to patients with impaired hepatic or renal function, pulmonary insufficiency or sleep apnoea.
    Back to top

  • Panorama: Special report on tranquillisers


    BACKGROUND

    INTERACT

    TIMELINE
    Links to more Tranquillisers stories are at the foot of the page.


    E-mail this story to a friend

    Links to more Tranquillisers stories

    © BBC ^^ Back to top

    News Front Page | Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East |
    South Asia | UK | Business | Entertainment | Science/Nature |
    Technology | Health | Talking Point | Country Profiles | In Depth |
    Programmes