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Page last updated at 14:38 GMT, Friday, 6 July 2007 15:38 UK

What Happened Next?

Panorama returns to some of the stories it has covered over the last year to find out What Happened Next?

Investigations have included a shortage of midwives, the death of Alexander Litvinenko and how thousands of people took part in TV phone-in competitions they had no chance of winning.

Midwives Undercover

Hayley Cutts went undercover in two hospitals
Hayley Cutts went undercover in two hospitals
On May 3, 2007, Panorama reported on the NHS and how, despite record spending, midwives were overworked and in some cases, mothers and babies were being neglected.

Panorama journalist, Hayley Cutts, went undercover in two maternity units as an untrained, unqualified volunteer.

At St Mary's Hospital in Manchester, she was asked to operate a foetal heart monitor. At Barnet and Chase Farm Hospitals NHS Trust in London, a lack of beds and staff meant a woman in labour was left in a corridor.

Jeremy Vine has now returned to Barnet to find out if anything has changed. He spoke to Avril Dongworth, the chief executive of Barnet Hospital Trust who told him the hospital would be getting more midwives from 1 July.

She said: "What your programme initiated was a visit from the Healthcare Commission and, as I said, they've given us a clean bill of health, but they have said that in their view there are some staffing issues that we need to look at."

At St Mary's in Manchester they should have 188 full-time midwives and are currently three short. They are actively recruiting to reach the quota.

They say their midwives work to the highest of standards.

TV's Dirty Secrets

GMTV logo
Panorama alleged GMTV viewers have wasted millions of pounds
In April this year, Panorama revealed how callers to GMTV phone-in competitions had been defrauded out of millions of pounds.

It was revealed that a company working for GMTV, Opera Interactive Technology, had been finalising shortlists of potential winners "long before" phone lines closed and that this had been going on over a period of four years.

Opera denied any wrong doing.

GMTV said they were unaware this was happening and when we broke the news they reacted quickly and ended their contract with Opera. TV regulators Ofcom and Isctis both launched inquiries.

Two days after the revelations, Paul Corley, GMTV's Managing Director, said: "We do want people to be reimbursed, if people have paid money we want to get that back to them if it's at all humanly possible"

GMTV haven't yet refunded viewers as they're waiting for the outcome of their own investigation.

The programme also explored similar previous controversies over a competition run on the Richard and Judy Show and Blue Peter.

Blue Peter apologised because a member of the show's production team asked a girl visiting the studio to pose as the winning contestant in a phone-in competition because of a "technical problem".

Channel 4 dropped their phone competition on Richard and Judy and have also offered viewers a refund. On 6 July, premium rate services regulator, Icstis, imposed a 150,000 fine on Eckoh UK Ltd, the company behind the Richard and Judy premium rate telephone quiz scandal. And recommended the TV watchdog Ofcom further investigate the case.

On 9 July, the BBC was fined 50,000 by Ofcom for faking the results of the Blue Peter competition.

How to Poison a Spy

Alexander Litvinenko
Alexander Litvinenko was poisoned with Polonium 210
Russian journalist Alexander Litvinenko was killed by radioactive poison dropped in his tea in a London hotel. It was an agonising death.

In January this year, a Panorama report followed the trail of the radioactive Polonium 210 and discovered evidence that pointed to not one, but multiple attempts to kill him, and named ex-KGB officer Andrei Lugovoi as prime suspect.

Last month the UK requested Lugovoi's extradition from Russia to stand trial for Litvinenko's murder.

Lugovoi denies being the killer and the Kremlin refused to hand him over but now says it may consider making him stand trial for the murder in Russia.

Murder at the World Cup

Bob Woolmer
Some 30 detectives were investigating Woolmer's death
In March, Pakistani cricket coach, Bob Woolmer, was found dead in his hotel room.

Within days it had become a murder hunt and dominated the headlines.

Panorama went inside deputy police commissioner Mark Shields' investigation.

The initial pathologist report suggested he had been strangled and asphyxiated.

Toxicology reports found poison.

On 12 June Jamaican police announced they had got it wrong.

The poison was weedkiller from years on the cricket pitch and Woolmer had died of natural causes.

Adam Parsons reported the climb-down on the news that night and went back to see Mark Shields to ask how he thought the inquiry reflected the reputation of the Jamaican constabulary (JC).

Mr Shields said: "We often reflect and are very critical of ourselves and each other.

"That is the whole point of a review system that at an early stage if an investigation isn't going the way it should one should never be arrogant enough to continue down that particular path.

"We were given a set of circumstances that were categoric, we conducted a thorough, professional investigation, so I do not think that the JC have anything to be embarrassed or ashamed of."

Jill Dando's Murder

Barry George, convicted of Jill Dando's murder
Barry George has always denied he murdered Miss Dando
In July 2001, Barry George was found guilty of the murder of Jill Dando and sentenced to life imprisonment.

The BBC presenter was shot dead on her doorstep in Fulham, west London in 1999. George has always denied the murder, and in 2002 he took his case to the Court of Appeal for the first time and lost.

In September 2006, Panorama obtained a forensic analysis that questioned the only piece of scientific evidence against him.

Firearms residue expert, Professor Marco Morin, said the single particle taken from Barry George's coat may not have even come from a gun. He said it should not have been introduced as evidence.

On 20 June, the Criminal Cases' Review Commission referred Barry George's case back to the Court of Appeal saying the single speck had been given too much significance at his trial.

And we have also learned the forensic science service has now decided that in future - single particles will NOT be submitted as evidence in firearms cases.

White Fright

Shopping centre in Bradford
People share the shopping centre - but they're not shopping together
In May 2007, Panorama visited Blackburn in Lancashire to investigate how increased separation and segregation between Muslim Asians and whites was dividing communities.

Blackburn presented a stark example of a difficult, national problem.

For all the hopeful talk about "integration", "multiculturalism" and now "cohesion", the reality on the ground appeared to be that Britain's Muslim Asian community and its white community have few points of contact, and that the white majority often feel they share little in common with the growing Muslim Asian minority.

Panorama wanted to know how the portrait of the town had been received in Blackburn.

We went back to meet two cabbies, who featured in the original film, to get the word on the street from their passengers.

Muhammad Nawaz told us: "They came out with different comments, you know that we should integrate a little bit more, maybe some of the things they do, all of us do, are wrong."

His fellow cabbie Ian Goodliffe said: "Quite a lot of people thought you got it right.

"Those that didn't, thought you were biased but it depended on who you were talking to who they thought you were biased towards.

"Talk to a white guy they thought you were biased towards Asians, talk to an Asian guy, they thought you were biased towards the whites. But it did actually get people talking."

The two cab drivers had never met - though they had exchanged waves on the road after the programme. So Panorama brought them together and they got on well.

Muhammad said: I think whatever differences we have I think we should gap it together. You know there shouldn't be a gap in it."

Ian agreed: "We do need to, but I think it's got to come not just from local cabbies it's got to come from everyone."

Go Green or Else!

Justin Rowlatt
Justin ponders what can a family do to reduce their carbon footprint
In March, Panorama told the story of how BBC reporter Justin Rowlatt and his family had "gone green" for an entire year.

Their challenge was to make as big a cut in the family's carbon footprint as they could.

Justin and his family had to do more than just switch to energy saving light bulbs. The car had to go too.

But four months after the end of the experiment, is Justin still going green?

Pretty much. Justin said: "I think the most surprisingly thing was, as soon as you've embraced the idea that you have to change, then it is actually quite easy to make quite profound changes in your life.

So in terms of what ordinary people can do that's simple and really works, like changing your lights bulbs, we cut our electricity consumption by 22%."

Sex Crimes & the Vatican

Vatican City
Sex Crimes and the Vatican has been shown on Italian TV
In October 2006, Panorama found evidence that the Vatican has operated a policy of secrecy over allegations of the sexual abuse of thousands of children by priests, worldwide.

We revealed how a secret church directive bans the abused child, priests and any witnesses from talking about what happened although the Vatican denies the directive was ever meant to be used in this way.

It was enforced for 20 years by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger before he became the Pope.

Just a few weeks ago the film was broadcast on Italian TV.

It was the first time the media there had dared level such accusations at the Vatican.

It caused enormous controversy bitterly dividing Italian politicians and the public.

This time the Vatican did take part. Italians abused as children by priests spoke for the first time.

The programme also sparked a heated studio debate.

The broadcast in Italy led to the Vatican offering the hope of justice to the victims.

Bishop Fisichella, who took part in the studio debate, promised the victims that the Vatican will investigate and take care of all those who suffered abuse. He also said: "The church is not ashamed, I'm sorry; the one who should be ashamed is that priest, who should not be a priest now and should never have been a priest in the first place."

The Bail Hostel Scandal

Paedophile killer Frank Parker with a child
An inquiry questioned whether Frank Parker should have been released
Panorama went undercover in November 2006 and revealed that criminals were not being effectively monitored after release.

Secret filming in bail hostels found convicted paedophile and child-killer Frank Parker befriending children while at a unit in Bristol.

After the programme, the Home Secretary demanded an inquiry into what Panorama had found.

It questioned whether Frank Parker should have been allowed out of prison in the first place.

It also found that some staff had failed to do their job properly, and said that the public had not been protected from Frank Parker.

Hostel staff remain of the view that they are chronically under funded and are faced with probably the most difficult job in the justice system.

Scientology and Me

John Sweeney
Footage of John Sweeney was posted on YouTube
The outburst by Panorama's John Sweeney during his investigation into Scientology sparked huge controversy.

The Panorama reporter lost his temper during the filming and shouted at Scientology representative, Tommy Davis.

Footage of the argument between Mr Sweeney and Mr Davis was posted on internet site YouTube.

Reflecting back on the controversy, John Sweeney says: "I apologised then and I apologise now. It was wrong and I'd let my team down.

"Unsurprisingly Scientology used their recording of my meltdown against me.

"They compared me to Hitler, accused us of faking evidence and being linked to terrorism - charges we deny by the way.

"Then I went global. My rage spread like a computer virus across the world. Scientology moved the battle to the internet.

"They posted their recording of my meltdown. We fired back showing the context and reporting what Scientology's critics say: that it's a cult.

"And so it spreads, jumping oceans and time zones: two million hits on YouTube and counting.

"A new generation is making up its own mind about Scientology. And for that I make no apology."

Panorama: What Happened Next? BBC One at 2030 BST on Monday 16 July

Transcript: What happened next?
30 Jul 07 |  Panorama
Midwives Undercover
01 May 07 |  Panorama
TV's Dirty Secrets
23 Apr 07 |  Panorama
How to poison a spy
22 Jan 07 |  Panorama
Murder at the World Cup
30 Apr 07 |  Panorama
Dando murder: The reporter's story
05 Sep 06 |  Panorama
White Fright
07 May 07 |  Panorama
Go Green or Else!
05 Mar 07 |  Panorama
Sex crimes and the Vatican
29 Sep 06 |  Panorama
Exposed: The bail hostel scandal
18 Jan 07 |  Panorama
Scientology and Me
15 May 07 |  Panorama

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