The Janjaweed have developed a clear pattern for
attacking black African villages in the Darfur region
of Sudan, according to a BBC correspondent.
Janjaweed have been accused of torching villages
Hilary Andersson - who travelled deep into Janjaweed
territory for a BBC Panorama programme - said the Arab
militia often use air strikes from the Sudanese air
force to assist them.
They then move in and pick people off in the ensuing
panic - with children often included among their
Describing the pattern, which emerged after travelling
through Darfur and speaking to victims, she said:
"Government planes bomb, while Janjaweed move in to
kill on the ground."
The villages are then often set on fire by the
Janjaweed militia, after they have looted.
Some estimates claim that more than 400 ethnic African
villages in the region have been scorched.
Sudan's government says that it has bombed towns in
Darfur, but only to put down a regional uprising by
the Sudan Liberation Army rebels.
But survivors tell a different story.
African refugees who used to live in the village of
Kidinyir say that government planes bombed the town
five times - and that each time the Janjaweed had
surrounded the town on camels and in cars.
They claim that as people tried to escape the Arab
militia forces moved in, methodically set fire to the
houses, and killed anything that moved
One villager, called Hawa, told the programme: "They
attacked us in the early hours of the morning as usual
they attacked with planes, vehicles camels and horses.
People were running in all directions."
The Janjaweed are said to have shot children at this school in Kidinyir
A fellow survivor Kalima, added: "Bombs were dropping
from the planes. When I heard the men I told the
children to run from the house, but men with horses
and cars had already entered the village. I was
shouting to my husband to also get out of the house."
One of the most harrowing eyewitness accounts come from the
village school, where a young teacher called Hikma was
about to start class.
She says she heard the planes and gunfire before all
hell broke loose.
"The children started jumping out of the windows of
the classes," Hikma told Panorama, "when they saw the 'Janjaweed' coming into the school. Some of the children were trying to run from the school, others were trying to hide inside.
"They killed two or three of the students who stayed
in the classes. They were also shooting the other
children who were trying to run away."
Panorama: The new killing fields will be broadcast at 22:15GMT on Sunday, November 14 on BBC One