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Last Updated: Friday, 24 June 2005, 08:53 GMT 09:53 UK
Aid to Africa: Facts behind the fiction
All the drama-documentaries in the IF series are based on rigorous journalism and research.

Here are just some facts surrounding the issues of aid to Africa.

IF... WE STOP GIVING AID TO AFRICA
BBC Two
Sunday, 25 June, 2005
1900 BST

  • Africa is the world's most indebted and aid-dependent region, with 17% of GDP flowing out in debt repayments.
    (Source: World Bank Report 2000: "Can Africa Claim the Twenty-first Century?")

  • The total combined income of 48 countries in Africa is little more than that of Belgium.
    (Source: World Bank Report 2000: "Can Africa Claim the Twenty-first Century?")

  • Between 1990 and 1998 the number of people living in poverty actually increased in sub-Saharan Africa from 242 to 291 million people.
    (Source: "Aid and Reform in Africa", The World Bank 2001.)

  • The number of people living in Africa on less than a dollar a day is expected to increase from nearly 291 million in 1998 to nearly 330 million in 2008, even allowing for faster economic growth. If lower economic growth is assumed the number could be as high as 406 million.
    (Source: "Aid and Reform in Africa", The World Bank 2001.)

  • More than two million African infants die annually before their first birthday
    (Source: African Poverty at the Millennium, World Bank, Washington DC, 2001, in Reality of Aid, 2002.)

  • 70% of adults and 80% of children in the world infected with HIV live in Africa. This is 35m people.
    (Source: World Bank Report 2000: "Can Africa Claim the Twenty-first Century?"; "Aid and Reform in Africa", The World Bank 2001.)

  • Africa accounts for only 1% of the total world economic output and 2% of world trade.
    (Source: World Bank Report 2000: "Can Africa Claim the Twenty-first Century?")

  • The world's 25 richest people have income and assets worth $474bn - more than the entire GNP of sub-Saharan Africa.
    (Source: Data from Forbes, GNP of sub-Saharan Africa was $315bn in 1999, in Reality of Aid, 2002.)

  • Chancellor Gordon Brown in the UK put more than 3bn aside at the start of the war while the annual bilateral aid programme to Africa was 528 million in 2001/2002, set to reach 1bn by 2005/6.
    (Source: World Development Movement)

  • The World Development Movement has estimated that a commitment by Blair to cancel the UK's share of the remaining poor country multilateral debt owed to the World Bank and the IMF would only cost the UK taxpayer 1.3bn for 10 years.
    (Source: World Development Movement and Jubilee Debt Campaign)

  • In 1970 a UN declaration committed 0.7% of industrialised countries' (excluding the US) GDP to Official Development Assistance (ODA). Currently only Denmark (0.96%), Norway (0.89%), Sweden (0.83%), Netherlands (0.81%) and Luxembourg (0.77%) have reached this level of ODA.
    (Source: OECD)



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