It has become known as the "Marikana massacre" - 34 people were killed as police in South Africa opened fire on striking miners last August.
For Frans Baleni, the leader of the country's main miners' union the NUM, Marikana is a challenge to the whole post-apartheid political system.
You can watch the full interview on BBC World News on Monday 26 November at 04:30, 09:30, 15:30 and 21:30 GMT and on the BBC News Channel on Monday 23 November at 04:30 GMT and on Tuesday 27 November at 00:30 GMT.
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