First broadcast June 2007
Paddy Ashdown argues that 'Winning the Peace' is much harder than winning a war.
In a series of four programmes, Lord Ashdown, Former High Representative of Bosnia,
looks at the role of the international community in ending conflicts and rebuilding countries.
He looks at cases where occupation has succeeded and where it has failed, and what lessons there are for the future.
Part Four: Iraq
When Iraqi president Saddam Hussein was defeated in 2003, there were scenes of jubilation in the capital Baghdad.
The US-led coalition in Iraq could have drawn upon a vast pool of experience in dealing with the aftermath.
But the widescale removal of Ba'ath party officials left disaffected, knowledgeable and capable people as enemies.
And a lack of preparation, experience, and local knowledge meant that within a month, Baghdad was gutted by looting and arson - because there was no one to stop it.
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