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Last Updated: Wednesday, 21 February 2007, 09:10 GMT
Ghana: Winds of Change
First broadcast February 2007

Statue of Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana

"The wind of change is blowing through this continent. Whether we like it or not, this growth of national consciousness is a political fact and we must take account of it."

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan's speech signalled the beginning of the independence of African nations in the 1950s.

It was a speech that he first made in The Gold Coast, the first black African country to break free from colonialism. It became Ghana under the leadership of Kwame Nkrumah.

This two-part series recounts the dreams and the reality of Ghana's independence.

Part One: The Architect of Independence

Kwame Nkrumah had ambitious plans for this freshly-liberated country.

His aim was to develop Ghana as an industrialised, unitary socialist state. He also had dreams of a united Africa.

But early in his presidency, Nkrumah got parliament to agree that anyone who opposed his ideas could be detained. Later Ghana became a one-party state and the country's economy floundered.

No-one was surprised when the coup came in 1966.

But his ideas and achievements remain in the fabric of Ghana.

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