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Last Updated: Monday, 23 October 2006, 14:29 GMT 15:29 UK
Uncovering Iran
First broadcast September 2006

Ayatollah Khomeini

Iran is often presented as a fanatical yet repressed population railing against the Great Satan.

It is less well known that British and Iranian modern history is inextricably linked. Iran had the Middle East's first democratically elected government, which in turn was toppled by Western powers.

In this three part series, John Tusa charts the making of modern Iran. He journeys through Iran's turbulent history, to understand the paradox at the heart of the nation.

Part Three: Democracy

The hopes for democracy following the 1979 revolution died out as the country becomes the first ever Islamic Republic. What were the consequences of having the clergy rule the nation?

In the final part of the progamme, John Tusa examines the huge cultural shifts that took place in Iran under a theocracy.

He also looks at how the isolationist strategy implemented by Ayatollah Khomeini led to war with Iraq and the US hostage crisis.

With 70 per cent of the population under 30, how has their indentity been shaped?

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