Thursday, 18 September, 2008
At 1102 BST on BBC Radio 4
The conflict in northern Uganda is one of Africa's longest running and brutal civil wars. Now after more than 20 years the guns are - for the most part - silent. But could that delicate peace be threatened by the intervention of a world which until recently seemed not to care?
On the one hand the International Criminal Court has issued warrants of arrest against Joseph Kony, the rebel leader, and some of his commanders, but many Ugandans fear that intervention may actually prolong the conflict.
And on the other hand international pressure is growing for a military solution to this war - which is now seen to threaten the strategic interests of the west in the region.
But that would mean an all-out assault on an army consisting largely of kidnapped children.
After witnessing the bloody aftermath of just such a massacre, Callum Macrae returns to Uganda to investigate the risks of the West's new interest in this war.
He looks at the conflicting demands of peace and justice - and examines claims that traditional processes of reconciliation which focus on forgiveness rather than punishment may hold the key to bringing peace to this devastated region.
BBC Radio 4's Crossing Continents was broadcast on Thursday, 18 September, 2008 at 1102 BST. It was repeated on Monday, 22 September, 2008 at 2030 BST.
Reporter: Callum Macrae
Producer: Rebecca Fordham