BBC Radio 4's Crossing Continents will be broadcast on Thursday, 9 March, 2006, at 1102 GMT.
The islands lie just off the coast of Newfoundland in Canada
The programme was repeated on Monday, 13 March, 2006, at 2030 GMT.
The French possessions of St Pierre and Miquelon, in the North Atlantic, just off Canada, have launched a bold bid to seize control of a huge tract of undersea territory.
Their fishing industry has collapsed but the people believe there is a future exploiting the ocean for oil and gas.
In this week's Crossing Continents, Bill Law explores the little islands spoiling for a big fight.
Presenter: Bill Law
Producer: Warwick Harrington
Web Producer: Nathalie Knowles
Editor: Maria Balinska