BBC Radio 4's Crossing Continents was broadcast on Thursday, 16 February, 2006 at 1102 GMT.
Nicolai and Oxana have had to face life with HIV
The programme was repeated on Monday, 20 February, 2006, at 2030 GMT.
Ukraine now has the highest rate of HIV infection in Europe, estimated at over 15 times the percentage of the UK.
Hélène Michaud travelled to Ukraine's HIV hotspot: the city of Odessa on the Black Sea, to investigate why the country is failing to come to grips with the epidemic.
She asked why so many Ukrainians are becoming infected, and why their medical care is still inadequate, despite recent progress.
This is a co-production with Radio Netherlands.
Presenter: Hélène Michaud
Producer: Arlène Grégorius
Web Producer: Nathalie Knowles
Editor: Maria Balinska