That concludes our live coverage of Egypt's eighth day of anti-government protests, but you can keep up to date with
regular news updates throughout the night.
Thank you for following developments on the BBC.
The BBC's Jim Muir in Cairo says: "Mr Obama did state that the transition must be peaceful and start now. But he did not actually say that Mr Mubarak should step down immediately, which is what many of the demonstrators continue to demand. In the end, that will be a decision for the leadership of the protest movement. The Americans may try to persuade opposition groups sympathetic to them to agree to a period of transition, during which Mr Mubarak would stay in power, in the interest of stability."
tweets: "Now is NOT the time to temper demands. government fomenting of fear is disgusting. #Egypt #Jan25"
Egypt state television is reporting that dozens of supporters of President Mubarak gathered in central Cairo after his speech on Tuesday night. Pictures showed one banner reading "Yes to Mubarak".
Prince Hassan of Jordan, where the king has sacked his government in response to recent protests, tells the BBC that Egypt is a "trendsetter". "This is a moment that is of tremendous interest to millions of Arab youths. They want to be empowered politically, socially and economically and I think that the president can't afford to ignore that," he says. "What is difficult about it all is that we are living in a time of deep anxiety in the whole Arab world, and fear of the unknown."
The American academic, Francis Fukuyama, tells the BBC that people should not get carried away by the increasingly successful demonstrations in Egypt. "We have to be very cautious. If you look at the so-called colour revolutions - the Orange revolution in Ukraine, the Rose revolution in Georgia, or the American attempts to build democracy in Afghanistan and Iraq - there is a very euphoric moment that comes at the moment of transition, when the dictator finally falls and people suddenly realise they can speak freely, and gather and associate, and make demands. But every one of those revolutions has led to deep disappointment, because the democratic forces then could not get their act together to actually deliver real democratic governance."
BBC Middle East editor Jeremy Bowen, in Cairo, says: "I don't think the protesters are going to believe President Mubarak's promises at all. I think things have gone too far now - they want him out. Tonight and tomorrow, the opposition will be assessing their tactics. I expect there will be more marches. I think this coming Friday, after the noon prayer, will be another big focus as it was last week. I think Egypt is going deeper now into a period of danger and uncertainty, but we can be sure that this is a period of profound change right across the region."
The BBC's Katty Kay in Washington says: "In President Obama's statement, we saw a step towards the protesters. He stopped short of calling on Mr Mubarak to step down immediately. But at key moments, Mr Obama stressed that he was listening to the demonstrators. This was the White House looking towards the future. Up until now, the US seems to have been behind the curb. It is now trying to catch up. Mr Obama came as close as we are going to hear him come to saying: 'We are on the protesters side.'"
Gigi Ibrahim, an American-Egyptian who has helped organise the protests in Cairo, tells BBC World News America: "President Mubarak's speech was a joke to me. It was as if he didn't say anything to me. The concessions he made were things the public have been demanding for years. It's way too late for these types of concessions. We had millions of people on the streets demanding that he leave now."
President Obama ignored a reporter's question about whether Mr Mubarak should leave now instead of waiting for the presidential election in September, according to the Associated Press.
Sultan Al Qassemi
tweets: "Egypt's information & internet blackout is unprecedented, ever. The US gives Egypt $1.5B, Obama can say "Tear down this wall!" But he didn't"
The BBC's Steve Kingstone in Washington says Mr Obama's speech gave mixed messages but was more or less supportive of President Hosni Mubarak - for the time being.
Mr Obama concludes by saying: "In the last few days, the passion and the dignity that has been demonstrated by the people of Egypt has been an inspiration to people around the world. To the people of Egypt, particularly the young people, I want to be clear. We hear your voices. I have an unyielding belief that you will determine your own destiny and seize the promise of a better future for your children and your grandchildren."
He adds: "Throughout this process the United States will continue to extend the hand of partnership and friendship to Egypt. We stand ready to provide any assistance that is necessary to help the Egyptian people as they manage the aftermath of these protests."
Mr Obama says: "The process must include a broad spectrum of Egyptian voices and opposition parties. It should lead to elections that are free and fair. It should result in a government that is not only grounded in democratic principles, but is also responsive to the aspirations of the Egyptian people."
The president says he made it clear to Mr Mubarak that he believes "any orderly transition must be meaningful, must be peaceful, and must begin now".
Mr Obama says: "President Mubarak recognises that the status quo is not sustainable, and that change must take place."
US President Barack Obama is making a statement on Egypt.
Former US Deputy National Security Adviser Elliot Abrams express scepticism about Mr Mubarak's ability to pull off a smooth, slow handover of power. "This just really won't work," he tells CNN. "I can't see anybody in Tahrir Square accepting that he will be president for eight more months and that he would, after 30 years, be trusted to be the man in charge of the democratic transition. Why would anyone believe that?"
One demonstrator, however, argues that Mr Mubarak should be given a chance to honour the promises he has made. "I am impressed, yes, I believe this is a step," he tells the BBC. "We can't just let everything descend into chaos. His promise not to run again for the presidency is a good step. We will hold him to this promise. He's saying we need six or seven months for a new parliament, new constitution, everything. Then we can change."
Another person in Tahrir Square says that despite the announcement by the president, the demonstrators should stand firm on their demand that he steps down immediately. "We won't leave the square. We will leave the square after he's leaves our country," he adds.
Nora Younis, a blogger and an activist who is among those protesting in Tahrir Square, tells the BBC that she is disappointed by the president's statement. "What he said will break the lines of the protesters. I think Mubarak succeeded in confusing the situation and making everybody confused and unable to communicate properly. I am personally not satisfied and a little bit worried," she says.
CNN's Nic Robertson
tweets: "Alexandria tonight very tense, still lots people on street, neighbourhood watch patrols aggressive and jumpy."
The BBC's Kim Ghattas in Washington says: "One thing is clear - the announcement by President Mubarak is not enough for the United States. One official said: 'If he had given this speech last week, it would have been great.' What is unclear is what the US will do next. Will they ask their envoy to speak with Mr Mubarak again, or wait to see what the army and Vice-President Omar Suleiman do? They will most likely be in touch with them, as well as opposition leaders like Mohamed ElBaradei, and hope that Mr Mubarak gets edged out slowly. The US is very keen not to appear like it is dictating what the president or any foreign leader should do."
US President Barak Obama spoke by telephone with Hosni Mubarak for about 30 minutes on Tuesday evening, the White House says. The conversation took place after the Egyptian leader's announcement.
The BBC's Wyre Davies in Alexandria says the army has moved in to quell earlier clashes between protesters and Mubarak loyalists in the city centre, but that there is still a tense atmosphere. Many people are unhappy that the president is staying in office. Earlier, al-Jazeera TV broadcast pictures of people throwing rocks, then scattering as automatic gunfire rang out and a tank advanced towards them.
Wael Nawara, of the opposition Ghad party, tells the BBC that Mr Mubarak's promises did not satisfy the protesters in Cairo. "Immediately after his speech I spoke to our youths who are in Tahrir Square. They were very upset because he injected a number of really intimidating plans and concepts inside the speech," he says.
An al-Arabiya correspondent is reporting that supporters of President Mubarak are marching towards Tahrir Square.
Egyptian opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei does not believe President Hosni Mubarak went far enough to meet the demands of protesters, calling his announcement "a trick" to try to remain in power, according to CNN. The Nobel Peace Prize winner tells the news channel that he wants Mr Mubarak to step down immediately and to hand over power to a caretaker government until elections can be held.
Al-Jazeera reports that men in civilian clothes and armed with bladed weapons attacked demonstrators in Port Said after the army withdrew from the streets.
The UK Foreign Office has issued a response to Mr Mubarak's announcement. "We have been clear in public, and with President Mubarak and his government in private, about the need for a transition to a broader-based government that will produce real, visible and comprehensive change," it says. "President Mubarak has made some proposals to the Egyptian people. We will study the detail of these. Ultimately the real test will be whether the aspirations of the Egyptian people are met."
Clashes are taking place near Mahatit Masr Square in Egypt's second city of Alexandria. Witnesses say that after Mr Mubarak's speech ended, protesters started chanting "Get out". Then a pro-Mubarak crowd arrived chanting "Reform, reform, we are with you".
The BBC's Cara Swift in Tahrir Square says: "The crowds here are angry and disappointed. They were expecting President Mubarak to go tonight and they are shocked he hasn't. They remain defiant and will stay in the square until their voices are heard, they say."
US President Barack Obama is to make a statement about the situation in Egypt later on Tuesday. It will be the first time he has spoken on the matter since Friday. Mr Obama watched President Mubarak's announcement during a meeting with his foreign policy team in the White House's Situation Room.
The chairman of the US Senate foreign relations committee, John Kerry, says: "This was an important announcement by President Mubarak to bring his presidency to an end and pledge that free and fair elections will be held. I believe that President Mubarak should now work with the military and civil society to establish an interim caretaker government. It remains to be seen whether this is enough to satisfy the demands of the Egyptian people for change. We arrived at this point because millions of Egyptians spoke with one voice and exercised fundamental rights we Americans hold dear. They made it clear the future they want is one of greater democracy and greater economic opportunity. Now, that future belongs to them to shape. The Egyptian people are writing the next chapter of Egyptian history."
Ahmed El Morshdy in the UK writes: "I am Egyptian. I am angry at Mubarak's recent announcement. How can he claim to make such concessions and attempt to demonstrate that he is listening to the calls of the protesters - when for the last 30 years he has done nothing to benefit our country?"
Egyptian scholar Maamoun Fandy tells the BBC that if Mr Mubarak's speech had come a week ago, the situation would have been settled. "The regime seems not to get it, thus far. It's giving people drop by drop, taking a page from Ben Ali's book. But I think the drama will unfold the same way it did with Ben Ali."
The BBC's Jim Muir in Tahrir Square says some people are calling for an even bigger demonstration on Friday - while others are saying "No - tomorrow".
tweets: "The cost of egyptian flags for sale in tahrir just went up! From two to three american bucks. Supply - demand?"
The BBC's Mark Mardell in Washington says US officials now believe that Mr Mubarak standing aside in September is no longer enough. Western diplomats have come to an agreement with the US state dept that Mr Mubarak must go now - there can't be reform while he is still at the helm, he says.
The BBC's John Simpson in Cairo says Mr Mubarak's "rather self-pitying" speech showed he clearly feels he deserves better treatment than he has been getting.
tweets: "Protesters are denouncing Mubarak announcment. #egypt is shaking from the chants in Tahrir. There is no word can describe what is going on now in #egypt."
The BBC's Kim Ghattas in Washington says while there has been no official reaction to Mr Mubarak's speech yet, privately, some officials believe it was too little too late.
The BBC's Yolande Knell in Tahrir Square says some people are concerned they could face future punishment for expressing their views so openly, as has been the case in Egypt in the past.
Egyptian opposition politician George Ishak tells the BBC: "We are very disappointed and we are very angry. We have very clear demands and he denied everything that we demanded. He has to go now. I am afraid now of what will happen in the future."
The tens of thousands of people in Tahrir Square respond to Mr Mubarak's announcement by shouting "Get out!" in unison.
The president concludes his address by saying he intends to die in Egypt. "The Hosni Mubarak who speaks to you today is proud of his achievements over the years in serving Egypt and its people," he says. "This is my country. This is where I lived, I fought and defended its land, sovereignty and interests, and I will die on its soil."
Mr Mubarak says the demonstrations have turned from a civilised act into a violent one "controlled by political powers that have poured oil onto the fire". "We have been living very painful days together," he says. "The events of the past few days require us all - people and leaders - to make the choice between chaos and stability, and dictate new conditions and a new Egyptian reality."
Mr Mubarak says some politicians have refused dialogue, so he is addressing what he has to say to the Egyptian people directly.
The president calls upon the Egyptian parliament to modify Articles 76 and 77 of the constitution, which allow the president unlimited terms and limit those who can run for the office.
He adds: "I am now very determined to make sure that whatever I do, I finish my duty keeping the peace in Egypt. I will work during my remaining months as president to ensure that steps are taken to ensure the peaceful transition of power."
Mr Mubarak says: "My first responsibility right now is to regain calm and stability in our home country, to ensure the peaceful transition of leadership, and to ensure that the responsibility goes very peacefully to whoever the people of Egypt choose in the next election. I did not intend to stand again."
President Mubarak announces that he will not stand in September's presidential election.
President Hosni Mubarak is speaking on state television.
The BBC's Magdi Abdelhadi, outside the presidential residence in the Cairo suburb of Heliopolis, says: "Nationalist songs are being broadcast on state radio, interspersed with communiques. One has just announced that a group of subversive elements trying to come between the Egyptian people and their armed forces have been arrested. The songs and communiques are a reminder of 1960s and 1970s, when Egypt was still at war with Israel. The regime is clearly trying to whip up nationalist sentiment in an effort to convince the public that foreigners are plotting against Egypt. To our right, traffic slows, as a crane lowers massive blocks in front of Hosni Mubarak's residence. It is this part of Cairo that the protesters in Tahrir Square are planning to march to demand that the president step down."
The United States has no plans to redeploy troops or ships in response to the unrest in Egypt and Tunisia, the head of the US Central Command, Gen James Mattis, says during a visit to London.
More than one million people took part in the anti-government demonstrations across Egypt on Tuesday, a security source tells the AFP news agency.
Abdul Nasir Kakar in Quetta, Pakistan writes: "Egypt is a very rich country. If it had been ruled by a democratic government instead of a monarch it would have long ago become a super power. We encourage the brave people of Egypt and extend all our moral support towards them in their struggle."
The BBC's Kim Ghattas in Washington says: "I just spoke to a senior US official, who confirmed that Frank Wisner met President Mubarak and told him he should not seek re-election or put forward his son, Gamal, as his successor. The Americans are now waiting for an answer. However, the official also said that even if Mr Mubarak did not seek re-election, it was no longer enough. My understanding is that although they have not gone back to Mr Mubarak to say he must stand down immediately, they are hoping he has figured that out on his own."
More than one million people took part in the anti-government demonstrations across Egypt on Tuesday, a security source tells the AFP news agency.
tweets: "I'm a Copt & I'm asking Copts to stop spreading rumours that Muslim Brotherhood will take over Egypt. It's practically impossible."
Asked if President Mubarak should step down as the protesters demand, Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa tells the BBC: "Yes. As I said from the beginning, the name of the game is reform. Immediate reform. Some of the reforms will entail change. Egypt will never be the same as it was before 25 January. The best way to affect the change is to allow all political forces to chart Egypt's future."
The BBC's Jim Muir in Tahrir Square says: "The temperature is dropping here, as is the number of protesters. The crowd is about a third the size of what was in the square earlier. But the message remains clear - the demonstrators want President Mubarak to go immediately. The people I spoke to said they were not willing to compromise and allow him to step down after September's election."
The BBC's North America editor, Mark Mardell, says: "Western diplomats in Washington anticipate that President Mubarak will shortly make a statement saying he won't stand in September's election. Diplomats have told the BBC that they believe Mr Mubarak will dissolve parliament to embark on wide-ranging constitutional reforms, but that he wishes to stay until the end of his term."
Egyptian state-run Nile TV says there will be an important statement by President Hosni Mubarak shortly. There are no further details at present.
US Senator John Kerry, who is close to President Obama, earlier called for Mr Mubarak to stand down. "The people of Egypt and events in Egypt have, in their own power and in the simplicity of their spontaneity, moved beyond President Mubarak and his regime and I believe it is vital for President Mubarak to help to transform this moment into the new Egypt and the new future for Egypt," he said.
The Qatar-based satellite TV news channel, al-Jazeera, says its signal was being jammed in parts of the Middle East on Tuesday. "Clearly there are powers that do not want our important images pushing for democracy and reform to be seen by the public," a spokesman adds.
US officials have confirmed that Frank Wisner met President Mubarak in Cairo earlier on Tuesday to discuss the country's political crisis. They would not say whether he had passed on a message from President Barack Obama.
US President Barack Obama has told Hosni Mubarak that he should not run for another term in September's presidential election, American diplomats in Cairo and Washington
have told the New York Times.
Al-Arabiya TV is reporting that Mr Mubarak will announce later that he will not seek re-election. Mr Obama's message was conveyed by Frank Wisner, a seasoned former diplomat with deep ties to Egypt, the officials said.
The Los Angeles Times reports that Wael Ghonim was in Egypt to speak at a forum when he disappeared. He had been detailing his involvement in the anti-government protests on Twitter. On Thursday he tweeted: "Pray for #Egypt. Very worried as it seems that government is planning a war crime tomorrow against people. We are all ready to die #Jan25."
The internet search giant, Google, says its marketing executive for the Middle East, Wael Ghonim, has been missing in Egypt since Thursday, according to the Reuters news agency.
Khalid in Saudi Arabia writes: "People in the Arab world are not craving democracy. People in the Arab world are fed up with corruption. In order to eliminate corruption in Egypt, the rioters should not stop in the overthrow of Mubarak but should seek the overthrow of the whole government of Mubarak."
Senior figures in President Hosni Mubarak's National Democratic Party (NDP) say there "may" be a statement in the next few hours, BBC Arabic reports. But it is unclear if Mr Mubarak himself will appear, or whether there will only be a written statement read out in his name.
Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq appears on Egyptian television without a shirt and tie - an unprecedented event. He says he is worried, but is confident that he can make the country stable again.
Such an announcement is unlikely to satisfy the huge crowd that is still in Tahrir Square. Most people there want Mr Mubarak and his allies to step aside immediately.
Al-Arabiya does not give its source for the news that President Mubarak will not stand for re-election in September, and there has been no official confirmation.
President Mubarak will say in a speech shortly that he will step down at the next election, but will stay in office until then, al-Arabiya TV reports.
Gehad Harding-Jones, an Egyptian living in Leatherhead, UK, tells the BBC that she is worried about what would happen should President Mubarak go. "I watch what's happening in my country with great sadness. Mubarak is a good man but he has made many mistakes by not listening to people in the street," she says. "I have great concern for what will happen next, and I urge the European countries and the United States not to pull the rag from under Mubarak's feet soon."
Al-Arabiya also reports that Vice-President Omar Suleiman has begun meetings with representatives of the opposition.
According to an alert on al-Arabiya TV, President Hosni Mubarak shall be speaking shortly.
In addition, the British ambassador in Cairo has had a range contacts on the ground with both Egyptian government and opposition figures, including Mohamed ElBaradei.
UK Prime Minister David Cameron spoke with his Egyptian counterpart, Ahmed Shafiq, on Tuesday afternoon. "The prime minister welcomed the restraint the Egyptian army had shown today and emphasised the importance of allowing the protests to take place peacefully," a Downing Street spokesman says. "The prime minister also made very clear that the Egyptian government must now urgently listen to the aspirations of its people. The prime minister called for an orderly transition to a broad-based government, including opposition figures. The prime minister also said that bold steps were needed to produce real, visible and comprehensive change, with a clear path to free and fair elections."
Omar Robert Hamilton
tweets: "Night has fallen but the drumming and singing is as loud as ever: 'He'll leave, we'll not, he'll leave, we'll not.'"
BBC world affairs editor John Simpson, in Cairo, says: "This demonstration has not been the critical moment most people expected. As a result, we still have not reached the tipping point of this crisis. The protesters will probably stage another big challenge - a march, perhaps on Friday, to the presidential palace. After that there is a danger they could lose the initiative. Still, it is hard to think that President Mubarak can just continue in power now, these demonstrations have been a savage blow to him. Government colleagues must be thinking of ways to get him to step down. One possibly would be to make him announce that he will not stand in November's election and that his government will start negotiating with other political parties. But none of that would be enough for the demonstrators, who want a completely new start in Egypt. So did the demonstrators in Tiananmen Square in 1989 of course, but the Chinese leadership kept its nerve and shot them down. A better model for protesters here would be the revolutions in Eastern Europe in 1989. They kept on demonstrating until the Communist regimes collapsed."
The BBC's Mark Georgiou in Cairo says: "I had to pass through six checkpoints (two army, four street-mob) during my short drive across town. They were all friendly enough, but the men with guns, machetes and clubs made it an interesting journey. The main streets into Tahrir Square are now busy with people heading home. Cairo hasn't seen a day like this in a long, long time."
The BBC World Service has changed some of its schedules to bring listeners updates from Egypt. This special coverage "Egypt - Days of Protest" is available live now on radio, television and online at
US Defence Secretary Robert Gates spoke on Tuesday morning with his Egyptian counterpart, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi. "It's part of an ongoing effort to keep one another updated on the situation," a Pentagon spokesman says, adding that the Egyptian military has so far "acted with professionalism and restraint".
The Swiss food group, Nestle, and Swiss-Swedish engineering giant ABB have said they have closed factories in Egypt temporarily due to the unrest, the AFP news agency reports.
The Egyptian authorities have cut off the internet in the country and text messaging services have been disrupted. Google has set up a special service to allow people to send Twitter messages by dialling a phone number and leaving a voicemail. Speaking to the World Service, Google's head of communications, Scott Rubin, denied there was anything political about its actions. "Our mission is simply to help people get access to information. We think that people make better decisions when they're informed and when there is a cut-off of access to information to Egypt or anywhere else in the world, we try to think of ways to help people stay connected," he said.
piece looking at Egypt's security forces,
the BBC's Frank Gardner notes that they remain a force to be reckoned with and that "there are complex calculations taking place in Egypt's military and security apparatus".
Amjad Heikal, an appeals court judge in Cairo, tells the BBC that the protests are about much more than politics. "I think it's something patriotic, it's national. Today, everybody can speak," he says. A change in the political system would make a huge difference to the futures of his children, he adds. "I don't want my country to keep in the bottom, to keep in the Third World. I want it to progress."
Egyptian army spokesman Maj-Gen Ismail Uthman appears on state television to urge people "not to succumb to biased rumours or to destructive ideas", and warn non-military personnel not to wear military uniforms. "Those found in violation will be immediately arrested and will face martial law," he says.
The BBC's Wyre Davies in Alexandria says: "The curfew has been very strictly enforced here, but nonetheless there were thousands of people in the main square of this coastal city. I started by following a very small group of protesters in a suburb. As they wound their way through the city, the group grew organically. By the time they reached the Ibrahim mosque, there were thousands of people. They were mainly young Egyptians from different backgrounds - men and women, Christians and Muslims - but all had the same message. I saw an effigy of Hosni Mubarak hanged and people throwing shoes at it. Some also carried a coffin with Mr Mubarak's name on it. We don't know if Mr Mubarak will step down, but the people certainly feel they have the momentum behind them."
The BBC's Tim Wilcox in Tahrir Square says: "There was just now a slight lull in all the chanting and singing as people prayed. The overwhelming emotions here seem to be happiness and joy. People cannot believe they have been able to gather in central Cairo and openly demand that their president step down. A lot of people have been saying this represents the Egyptian awakening. They do not want to lose the momentum and plan to stay in the square until Mr Mubarak goes."
LaurenBohn, in Cairo
tweets: "The sun has set over #Tahrir Square but thousands and thousands are still here. You can feel the energy in the air."
The BBC's Richard Colebourn in Tahrir Square says: "There are many families out on the streets. I met one who told me that they'd been reluctant to come out last week because of a fear of police action but had been inspired by the TV pictures of others demonstrating. The father, Shukri, said his daughters - aged 22 and 18 - had persuaded him and his wife to join the crowds. 'I'm 61 and I've never been on a demonstration in my life!' he told me. 'But now feel a real confidence about coming out and demonstrating. And we will come out again and again if we need to.'"
The BBC's Jim Muir in Tahrir Square says: "Hours after dark, and despite the curfew that theoretically started at 1500 local time, the big square and the spaces around it are still full of people chanting slogans calling on Mr Mubarak to leave."
Lara Setrakian of ABC News
tweets: " More people pitching tents in Tahrir Square. I've seen volunteers hand out tea and food, pick up trash #Jan25"
The BBC's Paul Adams in Washington says: "John Kerry has become the most senior US politician to call for President Mubarak to step aside. The influential chairman of the Senate foreign relations committee is close to the White House and his views carry weight. Not only does he want Mr Mubarak, who he describes as a great nationalist, to step aside gracefully to make way for a new political structure, but he is also calling for a new relationship between the US and Egypt. America's public rhetoric has not always matched its private concerns, Mr Kerry says, and Washington has concentrated too much on financing the Egyptian military, with the result that pro-democracy demonstrators have been attacked by tear gas canisters marked 'Made in America', while US-supplied fighter jets swoop over Cairo. For decades, Mr Kerry concludes, the US pursued a Mubarak policy, now it must look beyond the Mubarak era and devise an Egyptian policy."
But Islam el-Tahtawi in Cairo tells the BBC that removing the president could create a political vacuum. "There are no credible opponents, no charismatic figure in exile or a jailed dissident who could legitimately carry the nation's hopes. No-one knows who will eventually emerge to fill the political vacuum. This movement has no leader - it simply happened," he says. "That's why President Hosni Mubarak must stay in power until we can organise a peaceful transition of power to prevent the collapse of the state. Regardless of the curfew, I'm going out to protest again, to preserve my nation and safeguard my future."
The protesters are drawn from all sections of the population, with no clear leader having emerged so far. But a coalition of political opposition groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood, is reported to have met. The coalition is said to have told the Egyptian government that it will begin talks on its demands only after President Mubarak has stood down. In a BBC interview, new Finance Minister Samir Radwan appeared to distance the administration from Mr Mubarak. He said he was now taking orders from the newly-appointed vice president and the prime minister.
Finnish Foreign Minister Alexander Stubb tells the BBC World Service's Europe Today programme that he understands the widespread fear of instability in the Middle East, but that it will now be impossible to turn the clock back. "I think everybody is scared of instability. But the interesting thing with revolutions like the one we saw in Tunisia, and like the one we're seeing right now in Egypt, is that once you let the genie out of the bottle - democracy and freedom - it's very difficult to put it back," he says. "And I actually happen to believe that the best form of government is liberal democracy combined with a social market economy. That at the end of the day will bring stability."
Eugene Rogan, the director of the Middle East Centre at Oxford University, tells the BBC News channel: "Things have moved onto a critical point in Egypt. The decision by the army not to intervene in the demonstrations, and the massive turnout in Cairo should lead to an end of the Mubarak government. I cannot see how he can pull a rabbit out of the hat and keep himself in power after the events of the last 24 hours. The message Mubarak is getting form his American and European allies is that they are all looking for him to make a substantive move. It's too late for him to stay in power until the presidential elections in September."
The UK prime minister's spokesman says the decision to send a charter plane to Cairo does not reflect any change in his assessment of the situation. "There were commercial flights leaving with spare seats on them, but the view has been taken that we need to have sufficient capacity. This is a 'belt-and-braces' approach," he explains. He also denies that Foreign Secretary William Hague's call for an "orderly transition" represents a hardening of the British position on President Mubarak.
S Sallam in the UK writes: "My family in Egypt, although trapped in homes and worried of food shortages, still feel it is a joyous occasion - watching their fellow Egyptians change history with their own hands, many fearing continuous civil unrest if this stubborn tyrant doesn't go."
In Syria, President Bashar Assad has likened the political upheaval in Egypt to a "kind of disease" that leaders need to address. But he said it would not spread to Syria because the Syrian leadership was closely linked to the people. In Iran, more than 20 MPs have signed a statement supporting the uprising, but condemning what they describe as efforts to separate it from Islamic values.
One of Egypt's leading archaeologists, Zahi Hawass, who has just accepted the post of minister of antiquities in President Mubarak's new cabinet, has praised the combined efforts of the security forces and Egyptians who confronted the looters: "Today I can tell you that I'm so happy... to announce that everything is safe and nothing can happen in the future, because the police appeared today, and the army, and the Egyptian people together. What is unique, that all these people who tried to rob the antiquities were outlaws, criminals that came out of jail... and they began to attack the monuments. But who stood against them? The real Egyptians. If the Cairo museum is safe, Egypt will be safe."
Omar Robert Hamilton
tweets: "It feels like the government has given up. This day has been entirely dictated by the people with only the army as any kind of state presence."
Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu says the international community must demand that any future Egyptian government that takes power respects the 30-year peace treaty with Israel, the AFP news agency reports.
More on the charter flight being organised by the British government: British nationals who wish to register for the Foreign Office (FCO) charter from Egypt should call the FCO on 020 7008 8765 or (02) 2791 6000 from Egypt.
UK Foreign Secretary William Hague says he's "disappointed" about the make-up of the new Egyptian cabinet. He told MPs this afternoon that it was not a "broad-based" administration, and that the Egyptian government was failing to respond to the mood of protesters in Cairo and Alexandria.
Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa calls for immediate talks between the opposition and the government: "Now the point is how to establish an immediate dialogue, to put things into perspective and to decide how to move on," he says. "The name of the game now is how to create a consensus - a national consensus - on the next steps. The name of the game is reform."
It is very difficult to give an accurate estimate of the number of protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square, with reported numbers ranging from more than 100,000 to some 250,000 - the square's maximum capacity.
More on the charter flight being organised by the British government: It will return from Cairo to the UK on Thursday, with 200 seats for passengers wishing to come back to Britain. The Foreign Office believes existing scheduled airlines have enough capacity to carry Britons wanting to leave Egypt but is putting on the additional charter as a precautionary measure.
Sarah El Sirgany
tweets: "A stage, soundsystem and projector is being set up in #Tahrir Square in anticipation of someone addressing the protesters. Either ElBaradei or prominent scientist Ahmed Zuweil will speak to protesters later tonight."
An official at the Canadian embassy in Cairo tells the BBC: "We're doing the best we can on the ground here to get citizens out. It's obviously a very fluid situation."
tweets: "Connection down but still able to phone in tweets
Tahrir square is electric. Too many people to move. Cries of joy and mourning for the dead."
EgyptAir employees scuffle with passengers who were shoving to get into the ticket office, desperate to secure a flight out of the country as thousands of foreigners flee the chaos, Cairo airport officials tell the Associated Press.
The BBC understands that the British Foreign Office will send a charter aircraft to Egypt tomorrow to provide additional capacity for those who may want to leave Egypt.
Hany Camel Said Awad is a tour operator with an American company; he is currently stranded in Cairo: "I've just landed at Cairo airport," he says. "I'm looking for accommodation. But the curfew is in force. There are taxis and the airport is virtually deserted. I don't know where I am going to spend the night."
British Foreign Secretary William Hague has confirmed that he will be speaking to the new Vice-President Omar Suleiman this afternoon. He said he'll be encouraging the Egyptians to have a "broad-based government" and adopt "real and visible change" which will lead to an orderly transition.
The US ambassador to Egypt has spoken by phone to Mohamed ElBaradei, AFP reports. Mr ElBaradei has called for President Mubarak to stand down by Friday.
More on the US policy dilemma from Marco Vicenzino,
writing in Politico.
"The stakes for the US could not be higher," he says.
Mohammad Mahdi Akef, the former leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, says the movement has kept international concerns about its plans in mind: "That is why the MB has chosen not to be visible in terms of chants and slogans. We are part of the fabric of society. If the world is reassured about this blessed revolution of the entire Egyptian society in all its sects and segments, they're very welcome. If not, then they're free in that as well."
Sarah El Sirgany
tweets: "There are flowers visible on many tanks, but unclear if army will stand on people's side; they're here to calm things down."
John Kerry, chairman of the US Senate committee on foreign relations, has called for President Mubarak to recognise that it's time to leave office,
in an opinion piece in the New York Times.
"The most important step that he can take is to address his nation and declare that neither he nor the son he has been positioning as his successor will run in the presidential election this year," Mr Kerry writes.
The BBC's Wyre Davies reports from Alexandria that the main focus there was the famous Ibrahim Mosque. "Tens of thousands descended on the square. They climbed on roofs and the tops of cars and in trees to get a vantage point all. I saw one effigy of the president being hanged and another man threw shoes at it. Other people carried aloft a coffin representing the end of the Mubarak regime."
From the BBC's Paul Danahar in Cairo's Tahrir Square: "One of the more than 100,000 protesters in the square told me: 'Tunisia was the flame for our revolution. Before we were afraid but now we feel free'."
The BBC's Jim Muir says the focus may now turn to the possible dialogue between the government and opposition groups. He says he thinks there's a growing body of opinion that does not want to see Egypt turned upside down, among people who could contemplate President Mubarak staying on until September if there are guarantees of key reforms including free and fair elections.
Cairo's Tahrir Square is still packed - even though a curfew is already meant to be in force.
The US state department has ordered the departure of all non-emergency government staff and their families from Egypt.
Mohamed Kadry Said, a former general and head of military studies at the al-Ahram centre in Cairo, a leading Egyptian think-tank, tells the BBC World Service's Newshour programme that events in Cairo mark "a turning point in the history of Egypt". He says the majority of military leaders "understands that Mr Mubarak should step down, only the methodolgy is the problem". He says some want Mr Mubarak to stand down immediately, others are in favour of waiting until elections later in the year and for Mr Mubarak not to stand again.
David Anderson, professor of African Politics at Oxford University, says Mr Mubarak will almost certainly step down:"I think we're looking at days, perhaps weeks, but not too long, because I think that the signal from the army last night was clear enough - that people could protest if they wanted to and they were more or less inviting a demonstration of dissent. And I think in that situation, Mubarak can't really survive."
The BBC's Mark Georgiou in Cairo: "A press release from the military appeals to Tahrir Square protesters to remember that the world is watching on TV and that for Egypt to appear in a positive manner, they should behave in a peaceful way!"
Suzanne Sallam is an Egyptian in the UK, she writes: "Good cartoon on
. Mubarak is saying: "We are determined to look after your interests" as the Egyptian people try to pull him out."
Have Your Say
David Butter from the Economist Intelligence Unit in London tells the BBC World Service's Newshour programme the recovery of the Egyptian economy depends on how quickly the current crisis is resolved: "If a political process can be mapped out and we can see a way out of this crisis quite quickly, some of the impact can be mitigated. But I think the real accent is on getting some sort of idea of what happens next quickly. And I don't think hanging around with Mubarak as a lame duck president until September is feasible at all."
The BBC's Cara Swift in Tahrir Square in Cairo reports: "A 30-year-old eye surgeon wants regime change. He says he has known nothing but Mubarak, and fears his daughter will know nothing but Mubarak's son."
Mohamed ElBaradei says protesters want President Hosni Mubarak out by Friday: "They hope that this will end today or Friday at the latest, and they called the coming Friday 'the Friday of departure', but I hope that President Mubarak will take heed before then and leave the country after 30 years of rule and give the people a chance, and I don't expect that he wants to see more blood."
Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi tells the BBC World Service: "I think after so many years, people have got tired of the military. I think what it showed is that people have much better means of getting in touch with each other and arranging mass public demonstrations. I think protests are one way of bringing about change, but not necessarily the best way. As for the president leaving, I think it depends on the situation in the country. I think if the situation has been such that there's no other way, then surely they have take whatever opportunities they get."
In more apparent fallout from the protests in Tunisia, King Abdullah of Jordan has dismissed Prime Minister Samir Rifai and ordered his replacement, Marouf Bakhit, to carry out political reforms. It follows large protests across the country in January against poverty, unemployment and what protesters say is a lack of political freedom in the country.
Assam al-Arian, spokesman of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, tells the BBC World Service's Newshour programme that it is "too early now to decide on a candidate for the presidency. And we need free and fair presidential elections after the departure of Mr Mubarak. Now we are insisting that Mr Mubarak steps down, must leave. We are rejecting any negotiations now or any dialogue with those surrounding Mubarak now".
The BBC's Kevin Connolly in Cairo reports: "Among the best signs, one that says simply: 'People shouldn't be afraid of their government, governments should be afraid of their peoples'."
Issam Abdel Monem, the manager of Alexandria Port, just said on state TV that the port remains operational and is secured by the armed forces as well as port security. He said the movement of cargo ships is normal, and the port is receiving shipments of wheat and cattle.
The BBC's Mark Georgiou reports in Cairo: "Away from Tahrir Square, Cairo has shut down. Shops are shut. The streets strangely deserted and without the usual cacophony of car horns pleasantly quiet."
James Mountain, in Cairo
tweets: "Egypt: If you want people to stay at home and do nothing, you should turn the internet back on."
Egypt State TV has been carrying footage of a pro-Mubarak demonstration. They had a close-up shot of a crowd, though it wasn't possible to estimate its size. Demonstrators had some pro-Mubarak banners. One of them was shouting: "The economy has lost millions. Destruction is upon us." The crowd started chanting: "No to rioting, Egypt is above everyone."
The BBC's Lyse Doucet reports from Cairo's Tahrir Square: "Run into a group of bankers and CEOs standing on the edge of the square in casual attire, looking a bit awkward. Don't want to give their names. Joke that they are not that brave yet. But they want to see change."
The BBC's Wyre Davies is at what he calls a massive demonstration in the northern port city of Alexandria. He says there are thousands of Muslims, Christians and people who support various different factions at the rally, but that they all have one common demand - that Hosni Mubarak step down. There have been minor skirmishes with pro-Mubarak groups, who have tried to confiscate journalists' recording equipment, but the president's supporters are vastly outnumbered by opposition protesters.
Omar Robert Hamilton, who appears to be tweeting from Tahrir Square
"There's hardly space to move. Square rocking with people singing. It's magnificent."
Opposition figure Abdul Jalil Mustafa, who is close to Mohamed ElBaradei, tells the BBC World Service's Newshour programme that the opposition still had to "hear the details" of the offer for dialogue, but it would not be accepted until President Mubarak resigns.
Meanwhile, British officials say they have enough capacity to get all of their citizens out of Egypt on commercial flights today. Their advice for British citizens remains: leave if you don't have a good reason to stay.
Germany has issued a formal travel warning for all parts of Egypt, extending their advice to cover Red Sea tourist areas.
If you didn't catch it on the live TV stream, the BBC's Matthew Price in Jerusalem was saying that Israel craves stability, and Egypt has been its best ally in a hostile neighbourhood. An Iran-style theocratic government would be worst case scenario for Israel, he says, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is said to be receiving updates on the situation every half hour.
Mr ElBaradei, the former head of the UN nuclear agency, has become a major opposition figure in Egypt, though correspondents say it's not clear he has the support of the majority of Egyptians.
Mohamed ElBaradei tells satellite channel Al Arabiya that Hosni Mubarak must step down by Friday, AFP reports.
There are growing concerns about the impact of the unrest on Egypt's economy. "It's really hard to find a part of the economy right now that's not going to be affected by the unrest," Jean-Paul Pigat of Business Monitor International tells the BBC World Service. "Short-term capital inflows have effectively stoped going into Egypt, and this is going to pose a massive risk to Egypt's balance of payment stability over the longer term".
Britain's Channel 4 reporter,
, tweets from Cairo: "Placard: 'the people have sacked the president'. It certainly feels that way in Tahrir Sq."
The BBC's technology reporters have put together a piece on how Google and Twitter have a speak-to-tweet system that allows those blocked from posting on the internet to tweet by leaving phone messages instead.
Read more here.
The crowd in Tahrir Square in central Cairo is thought to have climbed to more than 100,000. There are also large protests expected in Alexandria, Egypt's second city.
Time for a recap: Egypt is facing an eighth day of historic protests that have put the position of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt's president since 1981, in peril. Those leading the protests say they hope to see a million people turn out today in Cairo, in what would be the biggest demonstration yet. Keep following us for the latest reports, analysis and comment.
The governor of Port Said, Mustafa Abdelatif, just spoke on Egyptian state TV and said that the Suez Canal remains operational and under control.
The BBC's Lyse Doucet reports: "There is palpable joy and celebration in Tahrir Square. Meet an entire family, three generations, a gaggle of young and old women in colourful headscarves and men in suits. They say the army's announcement that they wouldn't fire on their people made them feel it was safe for all of them to come and make it a family outing. Why were they here? I asked. They said in unison: 'Mubarak must go'."
tweets: "Activists in Tahrir Square have built a media camp to gather videos/pictures from demonstrators on the ground and are now uploading them online."
For those who didn't catch it on our live video feed, the BBC's Frank Gardner says there's a joke doing the rounds among Egyptians that they'll soon be watching Mr Mubarak on the History Channel - not on the BBC or CNN.
The BBC's Mark Georgiou reports from Cairo that state TV news at noon didn't show the crowds gathering in Tahrir Square.
The UN human rights chief, Navi Pillay, says she has unconfirmed reports that up to 300 people may have died in the unrest in Egypt, Reuters reports.
The BBC's Jon Donnison in Jerusalem reminds us that Israel, which already faces instability or uncertainty in many neighbouring states, is watching events in Egypt very closely, and is very concerned.
Mr Erdogan adds that any problems should be resolved through the ballot box, Reuters reports.
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan says Hosni Mubarak "should listen to the demands of the people."
Just a reminder that there are also big protests expected in Alexandria. The BBC's Wyre Davies, who is there, says civilians wearing armbands are now keeping protesters in order - a job normally done by the police.
The BBC's Paul Danahar says there are now some 50,000 people packing into Tahrir Sqaure.
Lyse Doucet, one of the BBC correspondents in Cairo, reports: "Tahrir Square is now an organised event. Queues for men and women. Military checkpoints. Checkpoints manned by young men and women. Female security checks. Inside people are writing slogans on cardboard , taking photographs, singing, chanting. Crowds already much bigger than previous days."
British politician Sir Menzies Campbell raises the question on the BBC News channel: The Egyptian army says it will not use force against protesters, but what if, for example, they try to storm the presidential palace?
Cris Jones, who is originally from Manchester but has lived in Alexandria for two years with his wife and son, tells the BBC: "I have been trying to arrange flights to get them out of the country. The situation has deteriorated rapidly. I just wanted to highlight the attitude of our Foreign Office compared to other nations. In the apartment block where I live there are a number of US families. The US government has arranged armed escort to Alexandria airport and for passenger jets to take them home. The British government has essentially said 'make your own way back by any commercial means'... Why isn't our government doing more to help its nationals? The British consulate has taken refuge in a local hotel. They're too afraid to venture out and return to their offices."
International ratings agency Standard & Poor has followed rival Moody and lowered its rating of Egypt's debt, reports AFP.
And from Sharif Kouddous, also in Cairo
Sharif Kouddous, in Cairo, Egypt
there's this: "Wow. It's 10am and already more people in Tahrir than I have ever seen. And there's more flooding in #Egypt."
Ashraf Khalil tweets
"Fears that pro-Mubarak rally/thug-squad will try to spark violence. Protesters completely aware and expecting this."
The BBC's Wyre Davies in Alexandria says there's widespread evidence of attacks against symbols of authority in Egypt's second city. There's a sense of a breakdown in law and order, he says, with civilians wearing armbands patrolling.
A BBC correspondent at Cairo airport says the authorities there confiscated some equipment as he arrived.
More from Paul Danahar: "Already 30,000 people in Tahrir Square calling for Mubarak to go."
The BBC's Paul Danahar reports: "Hundreds of people are now streaming in Tahrir Square for today's protests as a military helicopter watches from overhead."
The BBC's Jim Muir reports from Cairo: "The numbers are building up. Whether they will get a million is hard to say. Apparently a lot of roads to Cairo from outlying areas and provinces have been cut, so that will obviously hinder people. However, Cairo's own population is more than 20 million. So it's certainly going to be a big day."
Finance Minister Radwan also says Mr Mubarak looked like a very determined man at the first meeting of the new cabinet appointed on Monday. "Don't forget he's a fighter," he says of Egypt's leader for the last three decades.
Newly-appointed Finance Minister Samir Radwan tells the BBC World Service that the situation is "very serious" but still "manageable" for the government. It has a "very clear plan" to deal with unemployment, poverty and corruption, he says.
Fawaz Gerges, professor at the London School of Economics, has told the BBC World Service that the opposition would not accept the "cosmetic changes" made by President Mubarak in the last few days. "The government has alienated all segments of society," he says. "Egypt was ready. Tunisia was the spark."
Al Arabiya TV is reporting that the ruling NDP party will hold a pro-Mubarak rally today in Ismailiya (125km/75 miles east of Cairo, Population 750,000).
Inoljt, writing on the Politikal Blog about the
American Dilemma in Egypt, says:
"Mr Mubarak's strongest political opponents are the Muslim Brotherhood... If the protests in Egypt succeed in toppling the dictator, the most likely situation is the formation (through free and fair elections) of an Islamic government hostile to the United States. Therein lies America's dilemma - betray its ideals and support an 'ally', or keep its ideals and allow an anti-American government to take power."
The Egyptian actor Omar Sharif tells BBC World he doesn't think there will be bloodshed - the protesters are not violent people, and they're enjoying the uprising, he says.
As we've reported, the army announced late yesterday that it would not use force against demonstrators. We now have
the full statement.
tweets: "Today is the big day :) going out soon. heard that girls are getting their mothers to join. People are getting friends. Everyone is going."
Sherif Azmy in Helwan, Egypt writes: "I am in Helwan at this moment, and I am speaking for the majority of Egyptians when I say we are satisfied with the president's changes. We do not want a civil war."
The BBC's Tim Willcox
tweets: "Crowds gathering Liberation Square - following calls for million man march against Mubarak. Carnival-like atmosphere #egypt #jan25"
The French news agency also reports the head of the International Monetary Fund, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, as saying that the agency stands ready to help Egypt rebuild its economy.
An appeal has been published by 50 Egyptian non-governmental organisations calling for President Mubarak to step down and "avoid a blood bath", AFP reports.
There's been an ongoing debate about the role of social media in the recent protests in Egypt, Tunisia and elsewhere. Social media intelligence firm Sysomos has the following research
on how people have been using Twitter.
And for those looking for a little more background on the events that have shaken Egypt in recent days - and why it matters for the rest of the world, you can
read our Q&A.
For those wondering what might happen next in Egypt, the BBC's Tarik Kafala has set out some of the possible scenarios.
Read his analysis here.
tweets: "Group of girls walking, must be 16 yrs old max, singing "Ana Masri" by Nancy Ajram... No serious serious chanting yet."
More from the BBC's Jon Leyne: He thinks that now that Mr Mubarak appears to have lost the military's support, it could be a matter of days or even hours before the Egyptian leader goes.
The BBC's Jon Leyne in Cairo says the army's announcement that it won't use violence is a clear signal that it's no longer backing President Mubarak. The military will now be looking to rescue what power they have left, he says, and the big question is whether they will now help shepherd a real political transition.
One protester, Amr Gharbeia, tells the BBC World Service's World Today programme that 8,000-10,000 people stayed the night in Tahrir Sqaure - the epicentre of the protests. "In the square more tents are appearing, people are having more fun, people are trying to break away from the layers and layers of security around them," he says. "This is a completely reclaimed space and people are very celebratory. It's more or less like Woodstock."
There are already reports of people gathering in Cairo ahead of a massive march on the capital planned by protesters. This is the eighth day of mass demonstrations against President Hosni Mubarak's regime.
Welcome to the BBC's live coverage of Egypt's eighth day of anti-government protests. We'll be bringing you the latest updates late into the night, incorporating reports from our correspondents on the ground, expert analysis, the most recent images and your reaction from around the world, which you can send via email, text or twitter. We'll publish what we can.