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Page last updated at 23:37 GMT, Monday, 26 April 2010 00:37 UK

Al-Qaeda blamed for Yemen bomb attack on UK envoy

British ambassador in Yemen, Tim Torlot
Tim Torlot has been ambassador in Yemen since July 2007

Al-Qaeda has been blamed for an attack on the UK's envoy in Yemen.

The suspected suicide bomber threw himself at the convoy of the British ambassador to Yemen as it drove through the capital, Sanaa.

Ambassador Tim Torlot is safe, UK officials confirmed. One person - believed to be the attacker - was killed, say Yemeni security sources.

The attack bore all the "hallmarks of al-Qaeda", the Yemeni interior ministry said in a statement.

The UK Foreign Office said it had closed the embassy to the public.

Foreign Secretary David Miliband condemned the attacks and said the incident strengthened the UK's resolve to "work closely with the government of Yemen to tackle international terrorism".

There are mounting fears that Yemen is becoming a leading al-Qaeda haven.

"The failed terrorist attack that targeted the British ambassador in Sanaa carries the fingerprints of al-Qaeda," the statement on the Yemeni interior ministry website said.

Previous attack

Mr Torlot was reported to have been on his way to the embassy when the attack happened, in an area of eastern Sanaa said to be popular with militants.

ANALYSIS
Ginny Hill
Ginny Hill, Chatham House specialist on Yemen

British officials are working closely with the Yemeni government to tackle terrorism. British military trainers have been supporting the coastguard and the counter-terrorism unit for several years. Since 2006, the British have also taken a strong lead on development and anti-corruption measures.

In January this year, UK PM Gordon Brown took a visible leadership role by convening a meeting in London in response to the attempted Christmas Day attack in Detroit. The British government is leading the Friends of Yemen, an informal contact group created at the London meeting in January.

The overall security situation in Yemen has improved in recent months, with a ceasefire agreed between the security services and the Houthi rebels in Saada. Unrest in the south continues to bubble away but Sanaa has been mostly calm recently, until today's attack.

Witnesses said the bomber was a young man who was wearing a school uniform, apparently as a disguise, the Associated Press news agency reports.

The attacker, believed to be wearing an explosives belt, was said to have thrown himself at the convoy, but was too slow to hit his intended targets.

BBC Middle East editor Jeremy Bowen said: "One big question concerns the degree of organisation behind the attempted assassination."

Assuming the ambassador's drivers regularly change their routes, he said, it raised the question of how the bomber got close enough to the car to trigger the explosion.

The interior ministry named the suspect as Othman Ali Nouman al-Salawi, 22, from Taiz, south of Sanaa.

It said that the "terrorist Salawi has received training in Maarib province", an al-Qaeda stronghold 170km (around 105 miles) east of Sanaa.

"This operation reflects the state of despair which has hit the terrorists after the painful pre-emptive strikes which they received in their hide-outs at the hands of security services," the ministry said.

Reuters news agency reports that three other people were wounded - two security officials in a police car escorting the convoy and a bystander.

The attack appears to be similar to that carried out against a South Korean diplomatic convoy in Sanaa a year ago. A pedestrian suicide bomber targeted the vehicle on the main road from the city centre to the airport, but killed only himself.

Security threats

A Foreign Office spokesman in London said: "There was a small explosion beside the British ambassador's car. He was unhurt. No other embassy staff or British nationals were injured."

The spokesman said the embassy would remain closed "for the time being" and urged British nationals in Yemen "to keep a low profile and remain vigilant".

YEMEN FACTS
Map of Yemen
Population: 23.6 million (UN, 2009)
Capital: Sanaa
Language: Arabic
Major religion: Islam
Oil exports: $1.5bn/24.5m barrels (Jan-Oct 2009)
Income per capita: US $950 (World Bank, 2008)

Mr Torlot has been the British ambassador to Yemen since July 2007, and was formerly number two at the embassy in Baghdad, so is well accustomed to the threats posed to British interests in the region, says the BBC's Christian Fraser in the region.

Security has been stepped up at Western embassies in Yemen in recent months as the US, Britain and other European countries have signalled their intention to play a greater role in combating the extremist groups that threaten Yemen's stability, our correspondent adds.

This came in the wake of the Christmas Day attempt to blow up a plane bound for Detroit in the US. The Nigerian suspect, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, is said to have been trained by a Yemen-based group calling itself al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.

Western embassies in Yemen are no strangers to attacks. Militants used car bombs and rocket-propelled grenades in a co-ordinated assault on the US embassy last year.

The UK and US temporarily closed their embassies in January amid security threats from al-Qaeda.

The British embassy was closed twice in 2005 due to threats to "Western interests".


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SEE ALSO
Al-Qaeda 'planning Yemen attack'
03 Jan 10 |  Middle East
Britain's long relationship with Yemen
12 Jan 10 |  Magazine
Yemen country profile
07 Jun 11 |  Country profiles
Yemen - Timeline
07 Jun 11 |  Country profiles

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