Languages
Page last updated at 12:51 GMT, Sunday, 21 March 2010

Israel launches economic plan for Israeli Arab towns

Um al-Fahm
Israeli-Arab towns are typically overcrowded and underfunded

The Israeli cabinet has backed a $214m investment plan for Israeli Arabs, who have long suffered inequality and a history of discrimination.

Israeli-Arab groups gave the news a cautious welcome but said some of the money just made up for cuts last year.

About 20% of Israel's population are people of Arab descent who remained in Israel after its creation in 1948.

Israel is under pressure to tackle wealth gaps between communities as it seeks to join the OECD later this year.

"Underlying this plan is a dramatic change of direction in the government's policy," said Israeli Minister for Minorities, Avishai Braverman.

ISRAELI ARABS
About 1.2m, a fifth of Israel's population, are Israeli Arabs
They are citizens of Israel, but face widely documented discrimination
Former PM Ehud Olmert said there was "no doubt" Israeli Arabs had faced discrimination for "many years"
Israeli Arabs own 3.5% of Israel's land, get 3-5% of government spending and have higher poverty levels than Jewish Israelis*
There are 13 Israeli Arabs in the 120-seat Knesset, 10 representing [primarily] Arab parties
*Source: Mossawa Center

The plan commits 800m Israeli shekels ($214m) over five years to the areas of economic infrastructure, housing and transportation in 12 localities, together with an initiative to reduce violence within the communities.

Municipal services in many Israeli-Arab communities are inferior to those in Jewish areas, with classrooms shortages, ageing roads and a lack of local employment opportunities.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the Israeli Arab population's "potential is not being realized" and the economic growth and equality that would result from the plan would "stand to transform the face of Israeli society".

Israeli officials said the plan would boost economic growth nationally by raising employment rates among Israeli Arabs, particularly among women.

The plan does not, however, tackle education, which is an area where Israeli Arabs frequently say there is discrimination.

Jafar Farah of the Mossawa Center, which advocates for the rights of Israeli Arabs, said the announcement was the result of "years of campaigns".

But, he said: "We have long experience that shows that most governmental decisions [to improve the situation for Israeli Arabs] - and even legislation - haven't been implemented."

Mossawa said budget cuts last year reduced Arab councils' funding by 250m Israeli shekels ($67m). Mr Farah said the new plan was essentially "giving back the funds that have been cut".

Israel is on track to join the group of rich countries, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, following assessments of its economic performance.

However, the organisation has said Israel should make progress on the wealth gap between mainstream society and two groups - Israeli Arabs and ultra-orthodox Jews.

Some 50% of Israeli Arabs live in poverty, as do 60% of ultra-orthodox Jews, compared to 20% of all Israelis - which itself is significantly higher than the OECD average of 11%.



Print Sponsor


RELATED INTERNET LINKS
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites


FEATURES, VIEWS, ANALYSIS
Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit

BBC iD

Sign in

BBC navigation

Copyright © 2019 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific