BBC Homepage World Service Education
BBC Homepagelow graphics version | feedback | help
BBC News Online
 You are in: World: Middle East
Front Page 
Middle East 
South Asia 
From Our Own Correspondent 
Letter From America 
UK Politics 
Talking Point 
In Depth 
Friday, 23 June, 2000, 14:11 GMT 15:11 UK
Timeline: Egypt
Egyptian pyramids
  • 1882 - British troops take control of Egypt
  • 1914 - Egypt becomes a British protectorate
  • 1919 - The 1919 Revolution - Egyptians demand independence
  • 1922 - Fu'ad I becomes King of Egypt and Egypt claims its independence
  • 1928 - Muslim Brotherhood founded by Hasan al-Banna
  • 1936 - April - Faruq succeeds his father as King of Egypt
  • 1948 - Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Syria attack the new state of Israel
  • 1949 February - Hasan al-Banna of the Muslim Brotherhood is assassinated
  • 1949 - Committee of the Free Officers' Movement formed
  • 1952 - King Faruq abdicates in favour of his son Fu'ad II
  • 1952 - Jamal Abd al-Nasir leads a coup by the Free Officers' Movement, now known as the July 23 Revolution, which results in Muhammad Najib becoming President and Prime Minister of Egypt
  • 1953 June - Egypt is declared a Republic by Najib
  • 1954 - Nasir becomes prime minister and later, in 1956, president
  • 1954 - Evacuation Treaty signed. British forces, who began a gradual withdrawal in 1936 finally leave Egypt
  • 1956 July - Nasir nationalizes the Suez Canal to fund the Aswan High Dam
  • 1956 October - Tripartite Invasion of Egypt by Britain, France and Israel due to the nationalization of the Suez Canal. A cease-fire is declared in November
  • 1958 February - Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic (UAR) in the first step of their aim for Arab unity
  • 1961 - Syria withdraws from the union with Egypt but Egypt remains known as the UAR
  • 1965 March - King Faruq dies in Rome
  • 1967 June - Egypt, Jordan and Syria go to war with Israel and are defeated. Israel takes control of Sinai, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem and the West Bank. It is known as the Six-Day War
    Assassinated president Sadat
    Assassinated: Anwar Sadat
  • 1970 September - Nasir dies and is replaced by his Vice-President, Anwar al-Sadat
  • 1971 - Treaty of Friendship between Egypt and the Soviet Union is signed
  • 1971 - Egypt's new constitution is introduced and the country is renamed Arab Republic of Egypt
  • 1971 - The Aswan High Dam is completed. It proves to have a huge impact on irrigation, agriculture and industry in Egypt
  • 1973 October - Egypt and Syria go to war with Israel during Israel's celebration of Yom Kippur to reclaim the land they lost in 1967. Egypt begins negotiations for the return of Sinai after the war
  • 1975 June - The Suez Canal is reopened. It had been closed since the 1967 war
  • 1976 - Anwar al-Sadat ends the Treaty of Friendship with the Soviet Union
  • 1978 September - Camp David Accords for peace with Israel are signed
  • 1979 March - The peace treaty between Egypt and Israel is signed. Egypt is then condemned by the other Arab nations and excluded from the Arab League
  • 1981 6 October - Anwar al-Sadat is assassinated by Jihad members
  • 1981 October - A National Referendum approves Husni Mubarak as the new President of Egypt
  • 1987 October - Mubarak begins his second term in office
  • 1989 Egypt rejoins the Arab League
  • 1993 October - Mubarak begins his third term in office
  • 1995 June - Mubarak is the target of an assassination attempt in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, upon his arrival at a summit of the Organization of African Unity
  • 1997 - 58 tourists are killed by gunmen in front of the Temple of Hatshepsut near Luxor. It is alleged that Egypt's Islamic Group (al-jama'ah al'islamiyah) is responsible
  • 1999 October - Mubarak begins his fourth term in office
  • Search BBC News Online

    Advanced search options
    Launch console
    Links to more Middle East stories are at the foot of the page.

    E-mail this story to a friend

    Links to more Middle East stories