A Palestinian policeman during the uprising
After the Oslo agreement, Yasser Arafat returned to Palestinian territory, the Palestinian Authority was established and Israeli withdrawals began. However, the agreement was denounced by hardline Israelis and Palestinians as a sell-out and it did not take hold.
Opposition to the agreement was led on the Palestinian side by the Islamic militant group Hamas and the deadly phenonenom of the suicide bomber emerged, in which dozens of Israeli civilians were killed. Israeli counter-strikes killed many Palestinians.
President Bill Clinton got Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak together at Camp David in 2000 but the final-status issues of Jerusalem and the future of Palestinian refugees broke the talks.
By 2000, a second intifada was being openly fought and Israel re-occupied the West Bank.