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Last Updated: Sunday, 25 June 2006, 14:43 GMT 15:43 UK
Main points of Iraq's peace plan
Nouri Maliki
Observers say the plan could be a step towards reducing violence
Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Maliki has unveiled his plan for national reconciliation, which he hopes will quell the sectarian violence rocking the country.

Here are the main points of his plan:

  • Amnesty for detainees not involved in terrorist acts, war crimes or crimes against humanity, as long as they condemn violence and pledge to respect the law.

  • Negotiations with the US-led coalition to prevent the violation of human and civil rights in military operations.

  • Compensation for those harmed by terrorism, military operations and violence.

  • Preventing human rights violations, reforming prisons and punishing those responsible for acts of torture.

    The initiative of reconciliation and national dialogue must not be understood to mean honouring and accepting murderers and criminals
    Nouri Maliki

  • Ensuring that Iraq's justice system is solely responsible for punishing members of the Saddam regime, terrorists and gangs guilty of killings and kidnappings.

  • Ensuring that military operations take place in accordance with judicial orders and do not breach human rights.

  • Compensation for civilian government employees who lost their jobs after the fall of the Saddam regime.

  • Measures to improve public services.

  • Measures to strengthen Iraq's armed forces so they are ready to take over responsibility for national security from the multinational forces.

  • Review of the armed forces to ensure they run on "professional and patriotic" principles.

  • Ensuring the political neutrality of Iraq's armed forces and tackling Iraq's militia groups.

  • Insistence that Iraq's elected bodies, including the government and parliament, are solely responsible for decisions on Iraq's sovereignty and the presence of multinational troops.

  • Insistence that all political groups involved in government must reject terrorism and the former Saddam regime.

  • Return of displaced people to their homes and compensation for any losses they have suffered.

  • Improved compensation for victims of the Saddam regime and deprived people throughout the country.

  • Formation of a National Council for the Reconciliation and National Dialogue Plan, including representatives of the government and parliament as well as religious authorities and tribes.

  • Creation of National Council subcommittees at regional level

  • Creation of "field committees" to follow up on the progress of the reconciliation process.

  • A series of conferences of tribal leaders, religious scholars, political groups and other members of civil society will be held to back the reconciliation process. The conference of religious scholars is expected to issue fatwas supporting the policy.

  • Talks with other Arab and Islamic governments, especially those that support the terrorists, to inform them about what is happening in Iraq.

  • Adoption of a "rational" discourse by the government and political parties to restore mutual trust and ensure the media are neutral.

  • National dialogue including all the opinions of those involved in the political process.

  • Adoption of constitutional and legal legitimacy in resolving the country's problems, including extrajudicial killings.

  • Review of the de-Baathification committee to ensure it respects the law.

  • Co-operation with the United Nations and the Arab League to pursue the work of the Cairo Conference for National Reconciliation.

  • Making it easier for Iraqi citizens or groups to work on rebuilding the country, as long as they have not committed any crimes or been banned from the political process.

  • Taking a united stand regarding the terrorists and other hostile elements.

  • Starting work on a large-scale development campaign for the whole country, which will also tackle the problem of unemployment.

    How the plan could affect the future of Iraq

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