[an error occurred while processing this directive]
BBC News
watch One-Minute World News
Languages
Last Updated: Tuesday, 1 November 2005, 15:03 GMT
UN probe 'can quiz key Syrians'
Syria Foreign Minister Farouq al-Sharaa
Syria has been critical of the UN resolution and report
Syria says a UN team examining former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri's death can question two relatives of the Syrian president linked to the inquiry.

Sami al-Khiyami, the ambassador to the UK, told the BBC the investigating team had not asked to interview the men before publishing its interim report.

It had not put forward evidence giving grounds for questioning, he said.

Meanwhile the head of the UN inquiry, Detlev Mehlis, has returned to Lebanon to continue his investigations.

Mr Mehlis' interim report implicated Syrian and pro-Syria Lebanese officials and accused Damascus of misleading his investigating team.

A UN resolution has threatened further action unless Syria co-operates fully.

Demands for evidence

Mr Khiyami said the two men, the president's brother Maher al-Assad - who heads the presidential guard - and brother-in-law Asif Shawkat, the military intelligence chief, would co-operate with the inquiry of their own accord.

Now the Syrian government needs to make a strategic decision to fundamentally change its behaviour
Condoleezza Rice
US Secretary of State

"[President Bashar al-Assad] doesn't even have to make them, they will go and see the commission," he told BBC Radio 4's Today programme.

He said the commission had asked to speak to, and spoken to, nine or 10 people, but never requested an interview with the two men.

"In our eyes there was full co-operation. However, if the commission had said at that time that it had suspects we would have acted differently," he said.

Both men were implicated in an early draft of the inquiry's report.

The ambassador repeated Syrian demands for evidence that its officials had been involved in, or had known about Hariri's assassination.

Syria is key to the Middle East - pressure on it will shift the last of the moderates to the extreme
Bill, US

Syria has until 15 December to comply with the resolution sponsored by the US, France and the UK, which includes a call for Damascus to detain suspects identified by the inquiry.

In response to the unanimous UN vote, Syrian Foreign Minister Farouq al-Sharaa earlier criticised Mr Mehlis for accusing his country without due process.

He said no evidence had been put forward concerning alleged false and misleading statements from Syrian officials to investigators.

"It is clear for any person who has followed this issue throughout that Syria's co-operation was complete. I repeat: complete."

Unanimous vote

The killing of Hariri in a car bombing in Beirut in February led to widespread criticism of Syria, which was forced to withdraw its soldiers from Lebanon as a result.

KEY UN FINDINGS
Assassins had considerable resources and capabilities
Evidence suggests both Syria and Lebanon were involved
Crime was prepared over several months
Hariri's movements and itineraries were monitored
Highly unlikely Syrian or Lebanese intelligence were not aware of assassination plot

Most computers will open PDF documents automatically, but you may need to download Adobe Acrobat Reader.

The UN launched its inquiry in the aftermath of the killing.

Last week, Mr Mehlis said Syria had given misleading information and had not fully co-operated with his commission.

At the weekend, Syria announced its own inquiry into the death of Hariri.

Damascus said a special judicial committee would question both civilian and military personnel in the country.

The committee would also co-operate with the UN investigation, the Syrian presidency said.


BBC NEWS: VIDEO AND AUDIO
See the resolution's adoption at the UN Security Council



RELATED INTERNET LINKS:
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites


PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific