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Last Updated: Friday, 4 March, 2005, 20:39 GMT
Iraq hostages: Facts and figures
Giuliana Sgrena
Giuliana Sgrena was shown pleading for help on a videotape
Italian journalist Giuliana Sgrena has been released after being held hostage in Iraq for more than a month.

Two French journalists - Georges Malbrunot and Christian Chesnot - were freed in December after more than four months held hostage.

Another French reporter, Florence Aubenas, remains captive after she was kidnapped in January with her interpreter.

Altogether, more than 120 foreigners have been taken hostage in the country since the US-led occupation began in 2003.

More than 35 have been killed by their captors, but several have been released or have managed to escape.

Hostages killed

  • Gunmen showed Iraqi journalists a blindfolded body of a dead hostage on 16 December. They claim it is that of Italian photographer Salvatore Santoro.
  • Dublin-born British-Iraqi aid worker Margaret Hassan was seized on her way to work on 19 October. On 16 November she was reported to have been shot by her captors. No body has been found.
  • Japanese hostage Shosei Koda was confirmed killed on 31 October
  • Three Macedonian workers in Iraq, Dalibor Lazarevski, Zoran Naskovski and Dragan Markovic, were confirmed killed on 22 October. They were kidnapped on 21 August near Baghdad
  • Ramazan Elbu, Turkish, killed on October 14 according to an Islamist website posting
  • one unidentified Turkish hostage, killed on October 11, according to an Islamist website posting
  • Kenneth Bigley, British, killed on 7 October
  • Yilmaz Dabca, Turkish, killed on 2 October
  • Iyad Anwar Wali, Italian-Turkish, killed on 2 October
  • Jack Hensley, American, killed on 21 September
  • Akar Besir, Turkish, killed on 21 September
  • Eugene Armstrong, American, killed on 20 September
  • Durmus Kumdereli, Turkish, killed on 13 September
  • Nasser Juma, Egyptian, killed on 5 September
  • 12 unnamed Nepalese hostages, killed on 31 August
  • Enzo Baldoni, Italian, killed on 26 August
  • Mohammed Mutawalli, Egyptian, killed on 10 August
  • Osman Alisan, Turkish, killed on 5 August
  • Murat Yuce, Turkish, killed on 2 August
  • Sajjad Naeem, Pakistani, killed on 28 July
  • Raja Azad Khan, Pakistani, killed on 28 July
  • Ivailo Kepov, Bulgarian, body found on 22 July
  • Georgi Lazov, Bulgarian, killed on 13 July
  • Keith Matthew Maupin, American, reportedly killed on 28 June but no official US confirmation
  • Kim Sun-il, South Korean, killed on 22 June
  • Hussein Ali Alyan, Lebanese, killed on 12 June
  • Nick Berg, American, killed on 11 May
  • Fabrizio Quattrocchi, Italian, killed on 14 April
    (Source: Reuters)

    Currently held hostages

  • Florence Aubenas, French, reported taken on 5 January
  • Hussein Hanoun Al-Saadi, Iraqi, believed taken with Aubenas on 5 January
  • Ghazi Abu Hamzeh, Lebanese, reported taken on 13 November
  • Radim Sadiq, American, taken on 2 November
  • Roberto Tarongoy, Filipino, taken on 1 November
  • Roy Hallums, American, taken on 1 November
  • Noureddin Zakaria, Sudanese, taken on 30 October
  • one unidentified hostage, Somali, taken on 30 October
  • two unidentified hostages, Turkish, taken on 14 October
  • one unidentified hostage, Turkish, taken on 9 October
  • Cherbal Karam Haj, Lebanese, taken on 17 September
  • Aram Nalbandian, Lebanese, taken on 17 September
  • one unidentified hostage, Syrian, taken on 16 September
  • two unidentified hostages, Turkish, taken on 14 September
  • Khalifa al-Breizat, Jordanian, taken on 14 September
  • two unidentified hostages, East Asian, taken on 13 September
  • four unidentified hostages, Jordanian, taken on 5 September
  • unidentified hostage, Jordanian, taken on 1 September
  • Ali Ahmed Mousa, Somali, taken on 29 July
  • Saad Saadoun, Kuwaiti, taken on 5 June
  • Wael Mamduh, Jordanian, taken on 12 April
  • Timothy Bell and William Bradley, taken on 9 April
  • Mohammed Rifat, Canadian, taken on 8 April
    (Sources: Reuters, Associated Press)

    Hundreds of Iraqis, including businessmen and doctors or their relatives, have been kidnapped for ransom. This is a common phenomenon and goes largely unreported.

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