Israel's cabinet has approved the setting-up of a committee to find ways of conscripting ultra-Orthodox Jews, currently exempt from military service.
Ultra-orthodox Jews do not serve in the army because of their faith
The panel is expected to report in nine months on what form of military - or other - service would be suitable for "yeshiva" religious students.
Their conscription has been championed by the fiercely secular Shinui party - a partner in the governing coalition.
The ultra-Orthodox Shas party has criticised the committee.
Yosef "Tommy" Lapid, the justice minister and leader of Shinui, welcomed the move.
"Draft-dodging by Yeshiva students must end," he was quoted as saying by Maariv newspaper.
The committee will be headed by the
Immigrant Absorption Minister, Tzipi Livni.
Another committee, also headed by Ms Livni, has been appointed to look into shortening Israel's working week to make it easier to observe the Jewish day of rest.