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Last Updated: Tuesday, 20 January, 2004, 12:54 GMT
UN 'poised' for return to Iraq
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan (centre) with members of the Iraqi Governing Council, Adnan Pachachi (right) and Hachem al-Hassani
Kofi Annan heard concerns from Iraqis and coalition officials
A United Nations team is set to return to Iraq to examine ways to transfer power to an Iraqi government.

Iraq's Shia Muslims are holding nearly daily protests against US plans for the regional selection of representatives.

UN backing for the US view that direct elections are not yet possible could quell that unease, correspondents say.

Secretary General Kofi Annan has not yet announced the return of UN experts to Iraq, but diplomats say the decision has been taken.

The UN has failed in Iraq like it did in Somalia 10 years ago, and its return is not the solution
Elmi Abdulle, Mogadishu, Somalia

Mr Annan met members of the Iraqi Governing Council and US administrator in Iraq Paul Bremer on Monday.

He has said he agrees with the US analysis that problems with security and voter registration make direct elections impracticable before 30 June, when the US wants Iraqis to form a transitional government.

But he will let experts come up with their own conclusions if and when he deploys them to Iraq.

They would be the first UN staff in the country since a mass withdrawal in August following a bombing of UN offices in Baghdad which killed 23 people, including Mr Annan's special envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello.

"I am looking at the possibility of sending a mission to Iraq to offer advice on the ground," Mr Annan told reporters.

He said plans on both sides were "open to refinements".

'Tight timetable'

A mass protest by Shia Muslims in Baghdad on Monday was followed by a smaller demonstration on Tuesday, both calling for direct elections.

Feb 2004: Fundamental Law (provisional constitution) to be introduced
May, 2004: Selection of Transitional National Assembly (TNA)
June 2004: TNA to take power; Coalition Authority and Governing Council to dissolve
March 2005: Constitutional Convention elected to draft new constitution
Dec 2005: New constitution; elections and appointment of new government
The rallies were generated by the concerns about the power transfer voiced by the top Shia cleric in Iraq, Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani.

But one of his representatives has told the BBC that he would reconsider his position if the UN concluded that direct elections were not feasible for now.

The BBC's Middle East analyst, Roger Hardy, says the US is hoping for that outcome should UN experts go back to Iraq, but he cautions that time is short.

By the end of February the Governing Council is supposed to finish drafting what's being called a transitional law - a kind of mini-constitution which will provide the legal framework for the crucial transition period, he says.

Tuesday's demonstration in Baghdad involved supporters of Muqtada Sadr, a more militant cleric than Ayatollah Sistani.

Shia protesters hold up a portrait of Ayatollah Sistani as they march through Baghdad, 19 January 2004

But our correspondents in Iraq say the protest raised many of the same concerns as the recent demonstrations of Sistani followers in Baghdad and Basra and was similarly non-violent.

Correspondents say the Shia - long repressed under Saddam Hussein - would like the power their numerical superiority would bring.

But coalition forces are keen that Iraq's minorities including Sunni Muslims and Kurds are not sidelined in a new government.

Japanese welcomed

In southern Iraq, Japanese troops have taken up their positions in the country's first overseas deployment to a recent combat zone since World War II.

Four pristine military vehicles emblazoned with the country's Rising Sun symbol were cheered by Iraqis as they sped through the streets of the dusty southern town of Samawa.

The advanced team of 35 soldiers is preparing the ground for a 1,000-strong deployment which will carry out humanitarian and reconstruction work.

There has been concern in Japan about the role of the soldiers - banned under the constitution from fighting overseas - and that they might become involved in combat.

The BBC's Adam Brookes
"There is no consensus in Iraq"


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