Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has said his new government's first task must be to tackle the country's worst economic crisis.
Mr Netanyahu demanded - and got - extra powers as finance minister
Mr Sharon set out his policy prior to winning a vote of approval in the Israeli parliament (Knesset) for his coalition government, formed after last month's elections.
He spoke soon after his long-time rival Binyamin Netanyahu accepted the post of finance minister, which could now be in the spotlight.
Mr Netanyahu was removed as foreign minister and initially refused to take on the economy portfolio, seen as a less prestigious job.
He reconsidered and Mr Sharon agreed to extend him new powers over company privatisations and more independence over policies to revive the flagging economy.
Mr Netanyahu was the last name to be confirmed for Mr Sharon's new cabinet, which contains many fierce opponents of Palestinian statehood.
Silvan Shalom - who had been finance minister - was appointed as foreign minister. He is seen as a Sharon loyalist with little experience of foreign affairs who is unlikely to change Israel's policy.
Mr Sharon told the Knesset that the Palestinian issue would be handled in "due time" and that "painful concessions" might have to be made.
But as he presented his new line-up for approval, he told legislators: "The first task of the new government will be to attack the economic situation, to try to maintain stability on the economic front and to return to the path of growth."
Among other policy guidelines for the new government, reported by the Associated Press news agency, are:
bringing security to Israel and its citizens
working to advance peace throughout the region
building a security fence between Israel and the West Bank
working to improve existing Jewish settlements while not allowing new developments.
Parliament's vote of approval for the new government is largely a formality as Mr Sharon controls more than half of the Knesset's 120 seats with his Likud Party's coalition partners.
He has an eight-seat majority in the house after deals were made with the National Religious Party (NRP), the ultra-nationalist National Union Party (NUP) and the secularist Shinui in the aftermath of January's elections.
US President George W Bush restated on Wednesday that Israel would be expected to support the creation of a Palestinian state, but two of the coalition parties are fundamentally opposed to such a move.
The National Union party - with seven seats - is seen as particularly hardline.
A senior official in the Labour Party, which is now in opposition, described the new government as the most rightist and extremist in the history of the state.