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Wednesday, 12 December, 2001, 22:51 GMT
Israel hits back after bus massacre
Emergency workers examining the area of the bus that came under attack
Ten Israelis were killed and 30 injured in Emmanuel
Israeli F-16 warplanes have gone into action over Gaza and the West Bank, hours after at least 10 people were killed in a Palestinian attack on an bus at a Jewish settlement.

Two bombs were dropped near the compound of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, and the radar tower at Gaza's international airport was hit.

It is not yet clear whether there were casualties or what damage was done; Mr Arafat himself is at present in his Ramallah residence.

Yasser Arafat
Arafat was not in Gaza during the Israeli raid
Planes also struck a helicopter pad belonging to Mr Arafat in the West Bank city of Nablus.

The Palestinian Authority said it had ordered the immediate closure of Hamas and Islamic Jihad institutions including education, health and political offices in response to the attack on the bus at the Emmanuel settlement in the West Bank.

Israeli Government spokesman Avi Pazner had earlier said that Israel held Mr Arafat's Palestinian Authority responsible for the attack on the bus, and would "certainly find a way to respond".

"It is obvious here that their activity has not been curtailed at all by the Palestinian Authority and that the talk of arrests and action against terrorists were just a show for television," Mr Pazner said.

Attack claim

The al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, a group linked to Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's Fatah faction, said it carried out the attack, which also left about 30 people injured.

Map
"This is in response to the recent killings by the Israelis in the West Bank and Gaza Strip," said an anonymous telephone caller speaking to Reuters news agency.

In another incident earlier on Wednesday, two suicide bombers blew themselves up near the Neveh Dekalim Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip, wounding four people.

The US special envoy to the Middle East, Anthony Zinni, told Mr Arafat to jail extremists "immediately", after news of the bus shooting came through.

The Palestinian Authority condemned both the attacks, and said it was trying to improve the security situation.

"The leadership reiterates that it is working continuously to reinforce calm and security despite continued Israeli escalation, bombardments and assassinations," said a statement.

'Arafat's answer'

Wednesday's violence came despite a call from Mr Zinni for 48 hours of calm.

He made his appeal after talks on Tuesday with Israeli and Palestinian security officials.

The retired US general had asked Israel to refrain from attacking Palestinian targets for another 48 hours to give Palestinians a chance to crack down on extremist groups.

Emergency workers remove the body of one of the Israelis killed in the attack
Gunmen opened fire from the surrounding hills
"Those terrorist acts are probably Yasser Arafat's answer to General Zinni's request for a 48-hour ceasefire. Apparently Arafat and the Palestinian Authority can speak only the language of terrorism and death," an Israeli foreign ministry spokesman said, after Wednesday afternoon's attacks.

The Emmanuel ambush took place at dusk, around 1800 (1600GMT), as the bus was driving up a winding hilly road towards the settlement.

An Israeli army spokesman said that an explosion caused by a bomb on the road, or a suicide bomber, caused the bus to stop.

Gunmen then opened fire from the surrounding hills on both sides of the road.

"They not only fired on a bus but shot at ambulances trying to rescue victims," said an Israeli army spokesman.

Gaza funerals

Earlier in the day, funerals took place in Gaza of four Palestinians killed in Israeli helicopter attacks on Tuesday night.

Gaza mourners
Large crowds turned out for the funerals in Gaza
Israel said that the men were behind repeated attacks on a Jewish settlement.

The men were buried in a cemetery on the edge of the Khan Yunis refugee camp, only metres from where they were killed.

The four men belonged to the Abu Rish faction, an armed group affiliated to Fatah.

 WATCH/LISTEN
 ON THIS STORY
The BBC's Orla Guerin
"The attack was brutal and sophisticated"
The BBC's Kylie Morris
"People were expecting retaliatory attacks"
Dr Dore Gold, Israeli Government advisor
"Clearly Yasser Arafat is responsible"
Marwan Kanafani, Yasser Arafat's spokesman
"The situation is deteriorating in a very dangerous way"
See also:

11 Dec 01 | Middle East
Analysis: Peace process at dead end
10 Dec 01 | Middle East
EU adds to pressure on Arafat
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