Page last updated at 12:10 GMT, Tuesday, 18 August 2009 13:10 UK

In pictures: Life of Kim Dae-jung

Lee Hee-Ho (3rd L), wife of the late former President Kim Dae-jung, walks with relatives to the memorial room for Kim at the Severance Hospital in Seoul.

South Korea is in mourning after the announcement of the death of former President Kim Dae-jung. The 85-year-old had a pulmonary embolism and multiple organ failure.

Extra editions of the newspaper Dong-a Ilbo, a major Seoul daily, after Kim Dae-jung's death.

Kim had a turbulent life, spanning many decades of South Korean politics - from harsh authoritarian rule through dramatic economic growth and the country's emergence as a democratic state.

Kim Dae-jung ( as opposition leader) speaking to the people during a protest in South Korea, 1969.

Kim rose to prominence in the 1960s, and in 1971 narrowly lost the presidential election to Park Chung-hee, who had seized power 10 years earlier in a military coup.

South Korean opposition leader Kim Dae-jung in a cell in Chungju Prison, 1981

During the decades of military rule that followed, Kim was branded a dangerous radical. He spent many years in jail and house arrest, survived several assassination attempts and twice fled into exile.

South Korean-president-elect Kim Dae-jung cheering after his election victory, December 1997

But finally, in December 1997 - in his fourth bid for the office - he was elected South Korea's president.

Kim Dae-jung with Nelson Mandela (l) and Michael Jackson (r)

He met statesmen and pop stars, but at the start of his term in office his main priority was the economy, which was on the verge of ruin after years of spectacular growth.

South Korean President Kim Dae-jung, right, is embraced by North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, 2000.

But he is probably best known for his efforts to rebuild relations with his country's estranged neighbour North Korea. In 2000, he met the North's leader, Kim Jong-il, in Pyongyang for a landmark summit.

South Korea's President Kim Dae-jung, right, and Gunnar Berge, chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, show the diploma and the medal after Kim was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, 2000.

His "Sunshine Policy" of engagement with North Korea was seen as so significant that it earned Kim Dae-jung the Nobel Peace Prize.

Former South Korean President Roh Moo-Hyun (L) waving, while outgoing President Kim Dae-jung (R) applauds, 2003

His successor, Roh Moo-hyun, maintained the Sunshine Policy but current President Lee Myung-bak has put more conditions on dealings with Pyongyang. The two nations still have a tense relationship.

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