Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe was heckled and jeered as he opened parliament during a colourful ceremony in Harare.
As Mr Mugabe arrived outside the parliament building in a vintage Rolls Royce, crowds of Zanu-PF supporters chanted: "He is our father. He is our leader."
Supporters of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change sang and danced as they watched their party legislators enter parliament.
The day after MDC chairman Lovemore Moyo was elected speaker, opposition MPs interrupted Mr Mugabe's 30-minute opening address in an unprecedented display of shouting and singing.
Mr Mugabe's speech, which was broadcast live on national television, was drowned out as he tried to outline his plans for the next parliamentary session.
Although Mr Mugabe talks of sharing power, shortly after the ceremony - which involved a fly-past - the MDC said three MPs had been arrested on trumped-up charges.
In March elections, Mr Mugabe's Zanu-PF lost its majority in the House of Assembly for the first time since independence in 1980.