Page last updated at 10:54 GMT, Monday, 4 August 2008 11:54 UK

Solzhenitsyn's life in pictures

Alexander Solzhenitsyn in 1944

From 1942-1945, Alexander Solzhenitsyn served as a frontline artillery captain in the Soviet Army and was twice decorated for bravery.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn in 1945

In 1945, he was arrested for criticising Stalin in letters to a school friend, even though the Russian leaderís name had been disguised. He received a "mild sentence" of eight years in a labour camp.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn in 1953

Solzhenitsyn's experiences in Stalin's "correctional work camps" provided much material for his future writing. In 1953, he was sentenced to internal exile in southern Kazakhstan.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn in 1962

In 1962, having carefully guarded his manuscripts, he succeeded in having One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich published. It described a single day in the life of a prisoner in a Soviet labour camp.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn in in Cologne, 1974

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970, but it wasn't until 1974, after he had been deported from the Soviet Union, that he was able to travel to Stockholm to receive the prize.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn in Vermont 1975

Stripped of Soviet citizenship, Solzhenitsyn spent a short time in Switzerland before being invited to Stanford University in the US. In 1976, he moved to Cavendish, Vermont, where he continued to write.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn addresses the Duma, 1994

Solzhenitsyn's Soviet citizenship was restored in 1990. Four years later, he returned with his wife, Natalia, to an independent Russia where he addressed the state parliament, the Duma.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov in 1998

Once back in Russia, the author's works continued to be critically acclaimed and in 1998 a special celebration was held in Moscow for his 80th birthday.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Vladimir Putin in 2007

In 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin visited the writer at his Moscow home to award him the State Prize of the Russian Federation for humanitarian achievement.

Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit


Sign in

BBC navigation

Copyright © 2019 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific