Robert Mugabe has been sworn in for a new term as Zimbabwe's president at a ceremony at his State House residence in Harare.
Mr Mugabe, who has held power since independence from Britain in 1980, was greeted by a 21-gun salute and a fly-past by several military fighter planes.
The 84-year-old seemed in a subdued mood. Official results gave him a landslide victory but he had stood unopposed after the opposition boycotted the vote, citing state-sponsored violence.
He received applause from supporters as he took the oath of office. None of his fellow African heads of state were in the audience - many of them had criticised the pre-poll climate of intimidation.
The guests' tent was limited to family members - including his wife Grace (pictured) - ministers and security chiefs.
High court and supreme court judges were also in attendance.
Regional observers said the election did not reflect the will of the people and that violence had undermined the vote's credibility.
Mr Mugabe faces growing international condemnation of Friday's vote, with calls for sanctions and possibly UN-backed military intervention to end Zimbabwe's political crisis.