Australia's general election, which Labor has won, was characterised by a clash of styles between the two main rivals Kevin Rudd (L) and John Howard.
Throughout the campaign, political veteran Mr Howard robustly defended his record after 11 years in power, particularly his economic policies.
But his Liberal-National coalition trailed Labor consistently in opinion polls, and soon after polling stations closed he was forced to accept defeat.
The outgoing prime minister still faces a double blow, with his Bennelong seat hanging in the balance after a spirited campaign by former TV journalist Maxine McKew.
By contrast, Mr Rudd's seat in Queensland's capital, Brisbane, is safe - as is his status as prime minister-elect.
The Mandarin-speaking former diplomat, who has been Labor leader for less than one year, promised to forge a "new consensus".
Participation in elections in Australia is compulsory, and 13.5 million people were expected to cast their ballots.