French commuters faced more misery as transport workers held a second week of stoppages, joined by hundreds of thousands of civil servants staging a 24-hour walkout.
Commuters on the Paris metro, where one in three subway trains were running on Tuesday, had to be corralled to prevent platform overcrowding.
Some rail stations were again left deserted. Postal workers, teachers, air traffic controllers and hospital staff joined the stoppages on Tuesday in protest at planned pay and job cuts.
Those who were going to work were forced to skate, cycle or walk to the office.
The civil servants' strike even spread to the French-run Indian Ocean island of Reunion, where this man wore an anti-President Nicolas Sarkozy T-shirt.