The Surgeon's Hall collection in Edinburgh is still held in the building originally designed to house it by William Playfair in 1832.
Dumfries and Galloway's archaeology collection contains the "material culture" of the region going back some 8,000 years.
The Museum of Scottish Lighthouses in Fraserburgh was praised for capturing the spirit of human endeavour against the forces of nature.
A detailed history of the industry from its early origins to date is kept at the Scottish Fisheries Museum in Anstruther.
The Burns Monument Trust's collection at Alloway is the largest museum collection in the world of artefacts relating to the poet.
The collection of musical instruments at the University of Edinburgh is reckoned to be one of the most important in the world.
Glasgow's Hunterian Museum was opened to the public in 1807 and is seen as containing an "important legacy" of the Scottish Enlightenment.
More than 44,000 different items are housed at the Scottish Maritime Museum in Irvine.
The Scottish Railway Preservation Society operates the Bo'ness and Kinneil railway enjoyed by more than 65,000 passengers a year.