Botswana's San people, known as bushmen, have won the legal fight against their eviction from a game reserve in the Kalahari, their ancestral homeland for more than 20,000 years.
It was a tense wait in the courtroom, before a panel of three judges ruled by two-to-one in the bushmen's favour.
Their leader and the principal applicant in the case, Roy Sesana, was also in court to hear the ruling.
In 2002, the bushmen were moved to functional, but bleak settlements outside the reserve, where a new way of life was imposed.
The government says they are better off there, with access to clinics, schools, food and water, and no longer interfere with conservation work.
But the bushmen say they have to rely on government handouts, have little freedom and nothing to do.
The San are traditional hunter-gatherers, but were driven from their hunting grounds in the central Kalahari game reserve in 2002.
They were fighting to preserve their way of life.