Rare photos from inside the repressive state of Turkmenistan show celebrations marking the 15th anniversary of independence from the former Soviet Union on 27 October.
Portraits of President Saparmyrat Niyazov - who has built up a cult of personality and styled himself Turkmenbashi, leader of the Turkmen - were rolled out in the capital Ashgabat.
The country's best horses took part. Ashgabat is home to Central Asia's finest race track and the biggest stud farm.
Turkmenbashi - known for his love of horses - was presented with a foal by the regional governors.
Women in national dress took the traditional greeting of bread and salt to present to Turkmenbashi.
A military parade was part of the occasion, with women marching alongside men.
But only dignitaries, the military and government workers took part - ordinary residents were not allowed to attend.
Ahead of the parade, some 2,500 members of the People's Assembly held their annual gathering. Here they listen to a speech by Turkmenbashi.
An entertainment park opened in the capital featuring Turkmen folk tale characters. It has been dubbed Turkmenistan's Disneyland .
Some 10,000 prisoners were also pardoned in an event broadcast on state television. Prisoners had to swear not to commit offences again.
State-controlled media said thousands of people came out on the streets, crying and thanking their leader for the country's biggest ever amnesty.