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Last Updated: Monday, 23 October 2006, 07:44 GMT 08:44 UK
In pictures: The 1956 Hungarian Uprising

A crowd outside the Parliament building in Budapest

A march by university students in Budapest on 23 October became a spontaneous national uprising against Soviet rule.

Hungarian State Radio building

After converging on Parliament, some protesters broke off and headed for the state radio building where fighting broke out.

Crowd attacks statue of Stalin

The upsurge of anger and determination of the crowd caught the authorities by surprise, and the uprising quickly spread.

Statue of Stalin, pulled over and surrounded by people

Symbols of Russian rule were attacked and destroyed - steadily, Hungarians took back control of their capital city.

Hungarian fighters

Many soldiers sided with the uprising and helped to distribute weapons and ammunition, arming the makeshift army.

Young Hungarian fighter by the dead bodies of Russian soldiers

Fighters were young and old, men and women. The uprising affected people across the country, in cities and countryside.

Tanks on the streets of Budapest

The fighters used urban warfare tactics such as petrol bombs to disable tanks. Moscow withdrew its troops on 30 October.

Body of an AVO secret policeman

There were heavy casualties on both sides, and the fighters often dealt a savage death to the hated secret police.

Hungarian Prime Minister Imre Nagy

Imre Nagy acted as Prime Minister - when the uprising failed he was executed for refusing to condemn the fighters.

The Killian barracks

When the Russians returned on 4 November, they met stiff resistance at the Killian Barracks and on Csepel Island.

Hungarian refugees leaving Hungary

For many Hungarians, the failure of the uprising meant an end to their life in their homeland. At least 200,000 emigrated.

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