Tony Cragg, one of the artists in How to Improve the World: 60 Years of British Art, made his name using discarded man-made objects, often crushed or broken.
Indian-born Anish Kapoor uses scale, curves and reflective or brightly coloured surfaces to attract the viewer's eye.
Arguably the most high-profile of modern artists, Damien Hirst made his name with artwork featuring animals pickled in large tanks.
Cerith Wyn Evans was an assistant to the late film-maker Derek Jarman and still uses light in many installations.
Stuart Brisley gained a reputation in the 1960s for challenging established thinking, organising sit in protests over the teaching of art.
Abstract works that allude to the body and organs are a hallmark of the work of Richard Deacon. The exhibition at the Hayward Gallery runs from 7 September - 19 November.