Baseball was segregated until 1947 - and nearly 60 years later, the Hall of Fame has specially admitted 17 outstanding African-Americans, including power hitter "Mule" Suttles.
The museum commissioned more than 50 experts to review a century of baseball history, resulting in belated admissions for players such as pitcher Andy Cooper.
For decades, African-Americans were confined to the Negro Leagues, but five of the new inductees, like Ben Taylor, date from even before the Negro Leagues were founded in 1920.
Jose Mendez, the first internationally famous Cuban baseball player, was nicknamed the "Black Diamond". He played from 1908 to 1926 and died in Havana two years later.
Ray Brown was such an outstanding pitcher that the Pittsburgh Courier newspaper urged the Pirates - a white team - to hire him in 1938. They did not.
Willard Brown was dubbed "Home Run" for his ability to hit the ball out of the park. He played from 1935 to 1954, with a two-year break to serve in WWII.
Jud Wilson was another fearsome hitter unafraid of pitchers black or white. He continued playing until he was into his early 50s, his power largely intact.
Not only players are being honoured. Alex Pompez, the son of Cuban immigrants, owned two teams before becoming a scout for the Major League Giants.
Effa Manley shatters tradition by becoming the first woman inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. She co-owned the Newark Eagles and fought for civil rights.
Biz Mackey (above), Frank Grant, Pete Hill, Cum Posey, Louis Santop, Cristobal Torriente, Sol White and JL Wilkinson are the other inductees. Not one of the 17 is still alive.