A survivor of the Minsk ghetto was among thousands of people around the world who marked International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Ceremonies were held at former concentration camps where the Nazis murdered millions of Jews and other inmates.
At the Sachsenhausen camp, where some visitors paused for reflection, a Nazi sign reads "Work Makes You Free".
Polish PM Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz joined visitors at the notorious Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp in Poland.
In Budapest, flowers were laid on a memorial of cast-iron shoes commemorating those whose bodies were thrown into the River Danube.
The names of some Hungarians killed by the Nazis were written on balloons and released in Budapest.
Away from the crowds, one woman paid her own tribute to those who died in the Nazi slaughter.
In Jerusalem, visitors gazed up at the faces in the hall of names at Yad Vashem - Israel's Holocaust museum.