Page last updated at 06:36 GMT, Sunday, 27 January 2008

In pictures: Indonesia's Suharto

Maj. Gen. Suharto, left, Oct. 6, 1965

After a failed coup by leftist army officers in 1965, Suharto (L) led bloody anti-communist purges in which hundreds of thousands of suspected leftists were killed.

President Sukarno welcomes Suharto into his cabinet on July 29, 1966

Having worked his way up the ranks to become a senior general Suharto was handed emergency powers by President Sukarno in 1966.

General Suharto after being sworn in as president in 1967

Suharto had trained in Japanese-controlled militias during World War II, before playing a crucial role in Indonesia's independence fight against the Dutch.

Mrs Suharto (L), Japanese Prime Minister Sato(C) and Suharto (R)

Soon after his accession to power in 1967, Suharto began visiting other leaders in the region - including Japan - to thrash out economic agreements.

Suharto (L) meets US President Richard Nixon, May 26, 1970

Suharto courted the West, and Indonesia did well economically. But this new-found prosperity came at a price: any form of dissent was harshly suppressed.

Students protest in the city of Bandung during May 1998

In the wake of the Asian financial crisis, the economy slumped. Public protests forced Suharto to resign in 1998, after more than three decades in power.

Indonesian soldiers leaving East Timor on 24 September, 1999

His departure shook Indonesians, and gave hope to secessionists in parts of the archipelago. East Timor became a separate nation, after 25 years of control from Jakarta.

Hutomo Mandala Putra, popularly known as Tommy, youngest son Suharto, is mobbed by reporters on 3 October, 2000

Since his downfall, Suharto has been criticised for amassing a huge fortune while in power. His son Tommy has also been under fire, and served four years in jail for murder.

Former President Suharto waves to journalists as he leaves Pertamina hospital in Jakarta on 5 May, 2004

Suharto's opponents tried to get the ex-president to court as well, on corruption charges. But judges agreed to drop charges in view of his health.

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