Before becoming a Young Pioneers' camp, this resort on the Black Sea was used by the Russian aristocracy. (Photo: Artek archive)
Only the most gifted or well-connected children could spend time at the all-year camp after it opened in 1925. (Photo: Artek archive)
The first man in space, Yuri Gagarin (centre, in dark jacket), was one of Artek's most famous guests. (Photo: Artek archive)
Many of the colourful new dorms are right on the beach, which stretches for 8km.
Children spend much of the day doing organised team activities.
They go to the beach twice a day, where they are closely watched by team leaders.
The Young Pioneers ceased to exist in 1990, but the camp - now in independent Ukraine - is still very popular.
Up to 3,000 children can stay at the 200-hectare camp at any one time.