2 of 7 Matisse subjects were primarily women, interiors, and still lifes. Early on he was associated with the daring style of fauvism, but he experimented with many different artistic styles.
3 of 7 Matisse met Andre Derain, pictured here, while studying in Paris. The two artists rented a disused restaurant in the city which they used as a studio.
4 of 7 The artist is widely associated with bold pictorial colour, but he also turned his hand to sculpture "to give myself a rest from painting". His sculptures included work in clay and bronze.
5 of 7 Henri Matisse never abandoned his study of colour, moving to the South of France where he revelled in the Mediterranean light and produced some of his best-loved works.
6 of 7 Armchairs form the centrepiece of Matisse's domestic imagery: "What I dream of is an art of balance, of purity, of quietness, without any disturbing subjects... something analogous to a good armchair," he said.
7 of 7 In his final years, recuperating from two major operations, Matisse focused on a technique using paper cut-outs. The artist died on November 3, 1954, in Nice.