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The Bush administration

A look at President Bush's administration for his second term.


PRESIDENT

George W Bush

Presided over one of the most turbulent periods in US history in his first term. Revitalised after emerging from the close election race as outright winner, with a clear mandate for a second term.
There is speculation that the president may pursue a more conservative social agenda. Mr Bush has vowed to continue the global war on terror and press for reform of taxes and education.

VICE-PRESIDENT

Dick Cheney

One of the administration's hawks, Dick Cheney has been a powerful voice throughout the Bush presidency. Suffered two health scares during his first term as presidential deputy.
Has become an indispensable part of the Bush team and will remain influential but low-profile. Has ruled himself out of 2008 presidential race, opening the field to a number of Republican contenders.

SECRETARY OF STATE

Condoleezza Rice

One of the administration's rising stars and personally close to the president, Ms Rice is one of the main proponents of the "Bush doctrine" - pre-emptive action against foreign or terror threats.
President Bush has praised the "sound and steady judgement" of the first black woman to serve as secretary of state. She has vowed to put diplomacy at the heart of US foreign policy.

DEFENCE SECRETARY

Donald Rumsfeld

The outspoken and hawkish defence secretary has faced serious questions over his leadership in the wake of the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal and military setbacks in Iraq.
There was speculation these challenges to his reputation might cost the defence secretary his job but in fact he is one of the few cabinet members to remain in the same post.

NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER

Stephen Hadley

Foreign policy adviser to four Republican presidents, including Richard Nixon. Has close ties to Vice-President Cheney and like him prefers to keep a low profile.
Promoted after serving as Condoleezza Rice's deputy during President Bush's first term. He is not expected to make any significant policy changes.

DEPUTY DEFENCE SECRETARY

Paul Wolfowitz

A leading hawk and advocate of fostering democracy in the Middle East through direct intervention. Lost some credibility when claims Iraq had weapons of mass destruction proved to be incorrect.
His career blossomed during the Reagan administration and he went on to take a central role in reshaping military strategy under the first President Bush. Regarded by some as a weak manager.

ATTORNEY GENERAL

Alberto Gonzales

The most prominent Hispanic in the administration and a trusted Bush aide, who has served as the president's legal counsel during his White House tenure. Previously a Texas Supreme Court judge.
Appointed despite criticism that as President Bush's chief lawyer he condoned use of torture. Like other senior members of the new cabinet he is a loyalist close to the president.

COMMERCE SECRETARY

Carlos Gutierrez

The Cuban-born ex-chief executive of food giant Kellogg's has been described as a "visionary" and "one of America's most respected business leaders" by Mr Bush.
The second significant Hispanic appointment to President Bush's second term cabinet, Carlos Gutierrez replaces Don Evans, who resigned on 29 November.

PRESIDENTIAL ADVISER

Karl Rove

The man who singled George W Bush out as a possible future president before orchestrating both his White House campaigns, Karl Rove has sealed his reputation as the US leader's chief strategist.
In addition to being Mr Bush's key aide, he now has the title of deputy White House chief of staff. With Mr Bush unable to serve a third term, Mr Rove is likely to be casting his eye over potential candidates.

SECRETARY OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Michael Chertoff


Michael Chertoff was head of the US justice department's criminal division when the 2001 suicide hijackings took place. In the 1990s, he advised the Whitewater inquiry into Hillary Clinton's financial dealings.

A last-minute replacement for Bernard Kerik, the NYC police commissioner who withdrew his nomination. A former colleague of John Ashcroft, he has faced criticism over suspension of civil liberties for 9/11 suspects.


Outgoing

Colin Powell


One of the more moderate members of the first term administration. Despite being popular in the US and abroad, Mr Powell saw his influence in the White House wane.

Resigned as secretary of state on 15 November, saying it had always been his intention to serve only one term. President Bush has chosen the more hawkish Condoleezza Rice to replace him.

John Ashcroft


An uncompromising conservative, Ashcroft was the main architect of the Patriot Act, which gave the government sweeping powers to spy on and prosecute suspected terrorists.

Stepped down as attorney general on 9 November. Criticised by civil rights groups for undermining liberties and had reportedly become unpopular in the justice department.

Tom Ridge
Tom Ridge


A personal friend of Mr Bush with a tough reputation, he was appointed head of the newly-created Department of Homeland Security in the wake of the 9/11 attacks.

Resigned on 30 November citing personal reasons. Some Washington observers predict he will take up a post in the private sector.

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