Page last updated at 05:42 GMT, Thursday, 24 July 2008 06:42 UK

Smoking around the world

Billionaire philanthropists Michael Bloomberg and Bill Gates have launched a campaign to help people in developing countries stop smoking.

This table, based on data gathered by the World Health Organization in the early part of this century, shows where smoking is most prevalent.

TOBACCO USE AMONG ADULTS AND ADOLESCENTS

Prevalence (%)

  Male 15+ Fem 15+ Both Male 13-15 Fem 13-15 Both
Afghanistan n/a n/a n/a 13.1 3.2 9.8
Albania 40.5 4 22.4 17.3 9.4 13
Algeria 29.9 0.3 15.2 25.5 5.7 13.8
Andorra 36.5 29.2 32.9 n/a n/a n/a
Angola n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Antigua & Barbuda n/a n/a n/a 15.1 12.5 14.1
Argentina 34.6 25.4 30 22.4 27.5 24.9
Armenia 55.1 3.7 29.6 13 2.7 7.3
Australia 27.7 21.8 24.8 n/a n/a n/a
Austria 46.4 40.1 43.3 n/a n/a n/a
Azerbaijan n/a 0.9 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Bahamas n/a n/a n/a 12.9 10.2 11.9
Bahrain 26.1 2.9 14.6 28 11.7 19.9
Bangladesh 47 3.8 25.6 5.9 4.7 5.8
Barbados 18.4 3 10.8 16.9 12.9 14.8
Belarus 63.7 21.1 42.6 31.6 22.2 26.9
Belgium 30.1 24.1 27.1 n/a n/a n/a
Belize n/a n/a n/a 22.6 13.5 18.1
Benin n/a n/a n/a 14.6 5.8 11
Bhutan n/a n/a n/a 28.6 12.4 20.2
Bolivia 34.1 29.2 31.7 24.7 16.6 20.8
Bosnia-Hercegov 49.3 35.1 42.3 15.1 9.9 13
Botswana n/a n/a n/a 12.3 10.5 11.3
Brazil n/a n/a n/a 17.2 15.7 17.2
Brunei n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Bulgaria 47.5 27.8 37.7 28.6 39.2 34.3
Burkina Faso 22 11.2 16.6 19.9 6.7 13.6
Burundi n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Cambodia 40.5 6.5 23.6 7.2 3 5.1
Cameroon 12.6 2.2 7.4 n/a n/a n/a
Canada 24.3 18.9 21.6 n/a n/a n/a
Cape Verde n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Cen African Rep n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Chad 16 2.6 9.4 n/a n/a n/a
Chile 42.1 33.6 37.9 29.9 40.2 35.5
China 59.5 3.7 31.8 7.1 4.1 5.5
Colombia n/a n/a n/a 31.6 34 32.8
Comoros 27.7 13.5 20.7 21.8 14.8 18.1
Congo 12.1 1 6.6 26.1 21.9 23.8
Cook Islands 36.1 20 28.1 39.9 49.6 45.1
Costa Rica 26.1 7.3 16.8 18.6 18.5 18.7
Côte d'Ivoire 15.4 2.4 9 21.7 10.3 16.5
Croatia 38.9 29.1 34 23.3 25.6 24.9
Cuba 43.4 28.3 35.9 10.9 9.5 10.3
Cyprus n/a n/a n/a 13.2 8.4 10.9
Czech Republic 36.6 25.4 31 35.8 34.1 35
South Korea 58.6 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
DR Congo 13.5 2.6 8.1 n/a n/a n/a
Denmark 36.1 30.6 33.4 n/a n/a n/a
Djibouti n/a n/a n/a 17.9 10.7 14.9
Dominica n/a n/a n/a 19.3 13.5 17.2
Dominican Rep 17.5 13.3 15.4 18.4 11.9 14.9
Ecuador 23.9 5.8 14.9 31.6 17.1 25.1
Egypt 28.7 1.3 15.1 16 7.6 12.6
El Salvador n/a n/a n/a 24.4 15.4 19
Equat Guinea n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Eritrea 16.9 1.2 9.1 7.8 4.6 6.6
Estonia 49.9 27.5 38.8 33.8 27.8 30.8
Ethiopia 7.6 0.9 4.3 9.9 4.9 7.9
Fiji 23.6 5.1 14.4 11.6 10.2 11.5
Finland 31.8 24.4 28.1 n/a n/a n/a
France 36.6 26.7 31.7 n/a n/a n/a
Gabon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Gambia 29.3 2.9 16.2 n/a n/a n/a
Georgia 57.1 6.3 31.9 36.4 13.6 24.6
Germany 37.4 25.8 31.6 n/a n/a n/a
Ghana 10.2 0.8 5.5 11.6 10.9 11.7
Greece 63.6 39.8 51.8 17.1 14.4 16.2
Grenada n/a n/a n/a 17.6 15.7 16.7
Guatemala 24.5 4.1 14.4 19.6 12.3 16.5
Guinea n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Guinea-Bissau n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Guyana n/a n/a n/a 17.6 12.2 14.9
Haiti n/a n/a n/a 21.7 23.9 23.2
Honduras n/a 3.4 n/a 22.8 18.2 20.4
Hungary 45.7 33.9 39.8 28 26.9 27.8
Iceland 26.1 26.6 26.3 n/a n/a n/a
India 33.1 3.8 18.6 16.8 9.4 13.7
Indonesia 65.9 4.5 35.4 24.1 4 13.5
Iran 29.6 5.5 17.6 32.9 19.5 26.6
Iraq 25.8 2.5 14.2 29 10.3 20.3
Ireland 26.5 26 26.3 n/a n/a n/a
Israel 31.1 17.9 24.6 n/a n/a n/a
Italy 32.8 19.2 26.1 n/a n/a n/a
Jamaica 20.8 9.2 15 24 15.3 19.5
Japan 44.3 14.3 29.4 n/a n/a n/a
Jordan 62.7 9.8 36.5 20.4 13.3 17.2
Kazakhstan 43.2 9.7 26.6 15.2 8.1 11.4
Kenya 27.1 2.2 14.7 14.9 14.5 15.1
Kiribati n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Kuwait n/a n/a n/a 28 14.3 20.9
Kyrgyzstan 46.9 2.2 24.7 10.8 4.8 7.2
Laos 65 15.6 40.5 14.9 2.7 8.9
Latvia 54.4 24.1 39.4 41.8 33.9 37.6
Lebanon 29.1 7 18.1 65.8 54.1 59.7
Lesotho n/a n/a n/a 22.4 17.7 20.3
Liberia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Libya n/a n/a n/a 15.5 6.1 11.1
Lithuania 45.1 20.8 33 36.8 28.1 32.1
Luxembourg 39.1 30.3 34.7 n/a n/a n/a
Madagascar n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Malawi 23.7 6.2 15 19.1 17.9 18.4
Malaysia 54.4 2.8 28.8 40 11.5 25.8
Maldives 44.5 11.6 28.2 8.5 3.4 5.9
Mali 19.5 2.8 11.2 42.6 7.4 25.5
Malta 32.8 24.5 28.7 n/a n/a n/a
Marshall Islands n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Mauritania 22.3 3.7 13.1 31.5 29.5 30.7
Mauritius 35.7 1.1 18.5 n/a n/a n/a
Mexico 36.9 12.4 24.7 27.8 28.5 28.6
Micronesia n/a n/a n/a 51.9 39.8 46.2
Monaco n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Mongolia 45.8 6.5 26.3 20.7 10.3 14.9
Montenegro n/a n/a n/a 7 6.2 6.8
Morocco 29.5 0.3 15 12.5 8.2 11
Mozambique 22 3.4 12.8 9.1 7.2 8.2
Myanmar 46.5 13.6 30.2 22.5 8.2 15.3
Namibia 38.6 10.9 24.9 28.6 22.9 25.8
Nauru 46.1 52.4 49.2 n/a n/a n/a
Nepal 34.8 26.4 30.6 13 5.3 9.4
Netherlands 38.3 30.3 34.3 n/a n/a n/a
New Zealand 29.7 27.5 28.6 14.7 26.4 20.1
Nicaragua n/a n/a n/a 30.4 20.5 25.1
Niger n/a n/a n/a 15.2 8 11.7
Nigeria 13 1.2 7.1 22.6 11.2 18.1
Niue n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Norway 33.6 30.4 32 n/a n/a n/a
Oman 24.7 1.3 13.1 17.8 11.3 15.2
Pakistan 35.4 6.6 21.1 12.4 7.5 10.1
Palau 38.1 9.7 24 n/a n/a n/a
Panama n/a n/a n/a 20.5 15.6 18.6
Papua New Guinea n/a n/a n/a 55.4 40.3 47.7
Paraguay 33 14.8 24 26.1 25.2 25.7
Peru n/a n/a n/a 24.4 21.6 23.4
Philippines 42 9.8 26 28.2 17.3 22.6
Poland 43.9 27.2 35.6 21.4 17.3 19.5
Portugal 40.6 31 35.8 n/a n/a n/a
Qatar n/a n/a n/a 25.2 13.1 17.9
North Korea 53.3 5.7 29.7 10.9 8.8 10.2
Moldova 45.8 5.8 26 25.3 7.9 16
Romania 40.6 24.5 32.6 22.2 14.8 18.3
Russia 70.1 26.5 48.5 30.1 24.4 27.3
Rwanda n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
St Kitts & Nevis n/a n/a n/a 18.2 13.6 16.6
Saint Lucia 28.9 12.1 20.6 22.4 14.5 17.9
Saint Vincent & Grenadines n/a n/a n/a 22 16.6 19.1
Samoa 58.3 23.4 41 25.8 20.4 23.5
San Marino n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Sao Tome and Principe 23.2 10.6 16.9 n/a n/a n/a
Saudi Arabia 25.6 3.6 14.7 20.2 10.7 15.9
Senegal 19.8 1.5 10.7 20.4 9.6 14.9
Serbia 42.3 42.3 42.3 12.8 13.7 13.5
Seychelles 35.2 7 21.2 27.1 25.3 26.6
Sierra Leone n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Singapore n/a n/a n/a 10.5 7.5 9.1
Slovakia 41.6 20.1 30.9 28.5 24.5 26.6
Slovenia 31.8 21.1 26.5 16.9 24.2 21.8
Solomon Islands n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Somalia n/a n/a n/a 15.5 12.3 15.6
South Africa 27.5 9.1 18.4 29 20 23.6
Spain 36.4 30.9 33.7 n/a n/a n/a
Sri Lanka 30.2 2.6 16.5 12.4 5.8 9.1
Sudan n/a n/a n/a 18 10.1 14
Suriname n/a n/a n/a 12.6 8.6 10.5
Swaziland 14.6 3.2 8.9 14.7 9 11.3
Sweden 19.6 24.5 22 n/a n/a n/a
Switzerland 30.7 22.2 26.5 n/a n/a n/a
Syria 44 n/a n/a 44.7 26.2 35.5
Tajikistan n/a n/a n/a 6.8 2.8 5.1
Thailand 39.8 3.4 21.7 21.7 8.4 15.7
FYC Macedonia n/a n/a n/a 9.6 8.2 9
Timor-Leste n/a n/a n/a 54.5 29.8 41
Togo n/a n/a n/a 17.7 7.9 14
Tonga 61.8 15.8 39 n/a n/a n/a
Trin & Tobago 36.4 7.6 22.1 20.8 17.8 19.9
Tunisia 51 1.9 26.6 27.8 8.8 18.3
Turkey 51.6 19.2 35.5 11.1 4.4 8.4
Turkmenistan n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Tuvalu n/a n/a n/a 41.6 32.7 36.4
Uganda 20.9 3.2 12.1 17.3 15.3 16.6
Ukraine n/a n/a n/a 29.8 22.2 26
UAE 26.1 2.6 14.4 25.2 13.2 19.5
Ukraine 36.7 34.7 35.7 n/a n/a n/a
Tanzania 24.8 4.3 14.6 8.7 4.7 6.5
USA 26.3 21.5 23.9 n/a n/a n/a
Uruguay 37.1 28 32.6 21.4 24.5 23.2
Uzbekistan 24.2 1.2 12.8 n/a n/a n/a
Vanuatu 49.1 8.1 28.8 34.1 19.6 25.6
Venezuela 32.5 27 29.8 15.3 13.9 14.8
Vietnam 45.7 2.5 24.3 3.2 1 2.2
Yemen n/a n/a n/a 19.7 13.7 17.7
Zambia 21.7 5 13.4 25.7 25.6 25.6
Zimbabwe 25.5 4.4 15 12.7 7.3 10.1
Low income 30.1 4 17 15.3 8.7 12.5
Lower middle income 51.7 4.6 28.3 15 8.1 11.5
Upper middle income 44.4 18.3 31.4 23.1 19.5 21.6
High Income 33.3 21.4 27.4 n/a n/a n/a
Global 38.7 7.4 23 16.3 10 13.4
Adults - 2005; adolescents - 2000-2007




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