Page last updated at 11:29 GMT, Friday, 27 June 2008 12:29 UK
The NHS in numbers: Then and now



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As the NHS turns 60, BBC News is giving it a health check. Watch out for reports, features and analysis on TV, radio and the web.
In 60 years the NHS has changed dramatically - in terms of what it provides, how it is administered, who works there and how much it costs to run.

Here is an at-a-glance look at some of the changes.

LIFE EXPECTANCY

Graphic showing difference in life expectancy from 1948 to 2004-6 in UK

INFANT MORTALITY

Graphic showing numbers of deaths per 1,000 live births in England and Wales in 1948 and 2006

Graphic showing numbers of deaths per 1,000 live births in Scotland in 1948 and 2006

Graphic showing numbers of deaths per 1,000 live births in Northern Ireland in 1948 and 2006

SMOKING

 smoking in the UK in 1948 and 2006

VACCINATIONS

List of mass immunisations offered in 1948 and 2006/7

CHIEF CAUSES OF DEATH

PRINCIPAL KILLERS

Main causes of death in 1948 and how they compare now
(2006 except where stated)

England and Wales THEN NOW Scotland THEN NOW
Heart and circulatory disease 35.4% 34.6% Heart
disease
42.8% 33.2%
Cancer 16.9% 27% Circulatory disorders 28% 16.6%
Stroke 11.5% 9.6% Cancer 13.7% 27.2%
Bronchitis or respiratory diseases 10.4% 4.6% Tuberculosis (TB) 6.2% 0.08%
Tuberculosis (TB) 4.7% 0.7%*

Scotland categorises some causes of heart disease differently from England and Wales

Northen Ireland data unavailable

Based on best available data, England and Wales *2004SOURCE: DoH 2006SOURCE: Scottish Government





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