Wednesday, March 31, 1999 Published at 14:57 GMT 15:57 UK
Attempt to end care by postcode
Health Secretary Frank Dobson launched NICE on Wednesday
The government has officially launched the National Institute for Clinical Excellence, which is designed to standardise quality of care across the NHS.
It will offer guidance to health care professionals as to which treatments are effective for which patients.
It aims to offer national guidelines for NHS treatment to end the current health care "lottery" whereby patients in one part of the country are denied treatments available to those in others.
However, they broadly support the institute's aims.
NICE was first proposed in the government's White Paper The New NHS and is central to its reforms of the health service.
Its three main functions will be:
'Care based on need and need alone'
Health Secretary Frank Dobson launched the institute in London on Wednesday.
"The creation of NICE is part of keeping that promise.
"The NHS is the fairest and most efficient health care system in the world. But it could be better.
"For the first time in its history, the NHS has a body dedicated to ensuring that every NHS patient in the country gets fair access to quality treatment.
"NICE will give advice on the clinical and cost effectiveness of both new and existing health technologies, including medicines, diagnostic tests, and surgical procedures.
"By identifying which new developments most improve patient care, NICE will help spread good value, new treatments quickly across the NHS. It will help protect patients from out-dated and inefficient treatment.
Professor Sir Michael Rawlins will run the institute.
He said: "Patients can expect a much more even treatment pattern across the country, much better treatment in some instances and they can also expect to see an end ot postcode prescribing."
But some critics have said this means the latest health treatments could equally be denied equally to all patients.
A spokesman for the British Medical Association said: "We are very much in favour of NICE and welcome it wholeheartedly. We think it will have a positive impact on the health service and will address the whole rationing issue."
Were Viagra to come onto the market today, it would be up to NICE to decide who gets it and issue guidelines on best practice for managing impotence.
The BMA spokesman said: "It remains to be seen whether the government will refer Viagra to NICE but we believe it is the right place for a decision to be made."
The NHS Confederation, which represents NHS management, said the public must be careful not to expect too much too soon.
Stephen Thornton, its chief executive, said: "Alone, NICE will not be able to solve many of the problems associated with priority setting and technology that have bedevilled the NHS over many years."