Europe South Asia Asia Pacific Americas Middle East Africa BBC Homepage World Service Education



Front Page

World

UK

UK Politics

Business

Sci/Tech

Health

Education

Sport

Entertainment

Talking Point
On Air
Feedback
Low Graphics
Help

Thursday, February 11, 1999 Published at 02:28 GMT


Health

Counselling 'prevents alcohol abuse'

The study's subjects served in Bosnia

Counselling people after a traumatic event could prevent them turning to alcohol, according to a study.

The benefits of psychologial debriefings are apparent even in people who are unlikely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), says the research.

Turning to alcohol is a well documented reaction in people who have witnessed a traumatic event.

It can be used as an emotional crutch as they struggle to come to terms with what they have seen.

Tour of duty

Dr Martin Deahl, a psychiatrist at St Bartholomew's Hospital in London, led the research which studied 106 British soldiers after they returned from six months of peacekeeping duties in Bosnia.

During that time they were fired upon and saw civilians being attacked.

The soldiers were split into two groups at random, and, following general health checks, one group received psychological debriefings while the other did not.

The debriefings consisted of talking through the events they had witnessed with professional counsellors.

Both groups had follow-up interviews at three, six and 12 months to check on their mental state.

Surprise finding

The researchers wanted to see if psychological debriefings could prevent PTSD.

The condition can occur after a severely disturbing event such as being raped or robbed, or after exposure to a highly stressful environment, such as a war zone.

Psychological debriefing is often offered to prevent the condition in soldiers after a tour of duty or in bank employees after an armed raid.


[ image: The army allows active soldiers two beers a day in Bosnia]
The army allows active soldiers two beers a day in Bosnia
Dr Deahl reported last year that in some circumstances the practice could do more harm than good.

In the new study he found that it had no significant impact on incidence of the disorder - one soldier in the debriefed group and two in the other suffered it - but it halved the number of men reporting alcohol problems after one year.

The findings are soon to be published in the British Journal of Medical Psychology and are reported in New Scientist magazine.

Overlooked symptoms

"It suggests that the debriefing is having a beneficial effect after all, but that we haven't been looking at the right things," Dr Deahl told BBC News Online.

"Sometimes with people with PTSD their social and occupational functioning breaks down and they start drinking or using drugs."

He said that the low incidence of classic PTSD in the soldiers returning from Bosnia was a surprise in itself.

"It shows that being in conflict, being shot at and being bombed, it isn't inevitable that you're going to get PTSD."

Preparation

Dr Deahl, himself a member of the Territorial Army, said this was thanks to the way in which the Army prepared soldiers for traumatic situations.

"These soldiers had an occupational stress training package, which prepares them for the kind of experience they're going to have on operational tours," he said.

He added that alcohol education could be included in such pre-briefings.

"Developing more packages like that would help, and also more alcohol education. Now, for example, in Bosnia they have a limit so they're not allowed to drink more than two cans a day anyway."

The limit had been introduced because of the number of suicides following alcohol abuse, he said.



Advanced options | Search tips




Back to top | BBC News Home | BBC Homepage | ©


Health Contents

Background Briefings
Medical notes

Relevant Stories

11 Dec 98 | Health
Child accident victims suffer trauma

16 Oct 98 | Health
Counselling could do more harm than good

01 Oct 98 | Health
Cancer patients suffer memory flashbacks

09 Sep 98 | Health
The battle to beat traumatic memories





Internet Links


Institute of Psychiatry

Royal College of Psychiatrists

New Scientist

Balkan flashpoint: History file


The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.




In this section

Disability in depth

Spotlight: Bristol inquiry

Antibiotics: A fading wonder

Mental health: An overview

Alternative medicine: A growth industry

The meningitis files

Long-term care: A special report

Aids up close

From cradle to grave

NHS reforms: A guide

NHS Performance 1999

From Special Report
NHS in crisis: Special report

British Medical Association conference '99

Royal College of Nursing conference '99