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Sunday, 2 June, 2002, 00:36 GMT 01:36 UK
India's cheap drug scheme hailed
Patients at Delhi hospital
Patients now have access to cheap drugs
Doctors in India have been praised for a scheme which has succeeded in ensuring poor people have easy access to cheap and effective medication.

The World Health Organisation has hailed the Delhi Essential Drugs Programme as "very successful" and an example to others in the developing world.

The programme was established in 1996 to try to tackle constant shortages of essential medicines in state hospitals.


Access to drugs has remarkably improved

Professor Ranjit Roy Chaudhury
It also aimed to reduce the use of expensive drugs and eliminate erratic prescribing by doctors.

An estimated 35% of people living in Delhi use state hospitals. However, among the poor that figure is 70%.

Six years on, the scheme has been extended to other states in India and is being considered by other countries.

Under the scheme, doctors in Delhi are advised only to prescribe medicines included on an essential drugs list.

These include non-branded drugs that have been around for a number of years and can be produced and purchased cheaply.

Bulk buying

The society buys these drugs on behalf of state hospital in bulk ensuring there are no shortages and also saving money.

Professor Ranjit Roy Chaudhury, president of the Delhi Society for Promotion of Rational Use of Drugs which runs the scheme, said they secured substantial savings.

"We buy in bulk. Therefore, we get quotations at 30% below the prices given to other organisations, including government organisations, for buying the same drugs," he said.

"We don't go for the latest drugs which are under patent. We go for generics. We go for drugs that are well tried, that have evidence-based information."

Prof Chaudhury said the scheme is a success
He added: "By having a good system of buying drugs, we have actually seen the prices of drugs decrease over the years, not increase."

Prof Chaudhury said the scheme did not compromise the medical care given to patients.

"We don't decrease the quality of treatment but we decrease the unnecessary use of hundreds and hundreds of brand name drugs," he said.

Training doctors

Speaking on the BBC World Service programme Health Matters, Prof Chaudhury said the scheme also aimed to educate doctors.

They are shown examples of poor prescribing and are encouraged to draw up plans to improve their hospital's record.

Similarly, they are also encouraged to adhere to treatment guidelines for a number of key conditions.

Prof Chaudhury said a recent survey showed the scheme was having a positive effect.

"When we started the programme in 1995, about 30% of the prescriptions would be given to the patients.

"Our recent survey, concluded two months ago, shows that between 90% and 92% of the medicines prescribed are given to the patients. So access to drugs has remarkably improved."

He said other areas were now trying to emulate that success.

"The Delhi programme has now gone to 14 states in India," he said. "I believe that several countries are implementing this model - maybe not the whole comprehensive model but definitely parts of it."

In a briefing paper published earlier this year, the WHO said the scheme had achieved a 40% reduction in drug prices and significantly improved the availability of essential drugs.

This story is featured in the radio programme Health Matters on the BBC World Service.

Click here for listening times

See also:

09 Nov 01 | Health
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