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Friday, 19 April, 2002, 23:16 GMT 00:16 UK
Hi-tech images to aid doctors
Embryo
3D embryo image using fluorescent staining
A new imaging technique could help speed up and improve the accuracy of medical diagnosis.

The system, optical projection tomography (OPT), produces high-resolution 3D images of tissue.

Initially it will be used to aid research into the way genes work in mice.


The challenge is to find out what all those genes do and their contribution to health and disease

Dr James Sharpe
But the developers, from the Medical Research Council Human Genetics Unit in Edinburgh hope it will eventually be used to improve medical diagnosis using tissue biopsies from patients.

OPT allows unprecedented insights into the structure of tissues.

The method could help scientists track the tissues of a developing embryo, or map gene expression in organ systems.

It works by imaging the entire object from many different angles.

A computer then reconstructs the object by accumulating all the information and calculating a 3D image.

Previously, three dimensional tissue images had to be built up laboriously, by compiling hundreds of images from thin sections.

The technique also has the advantage of being able to examine tissue up to 15mm across, in contrast to a maximum of one millimetre using previous optical imaging technologies.

Huge potential

Developer Dr James Sharpe said: "The genome sequencing projects have successfully identified many thousands of genes, but now the challenge is to find out what all those genes do and their contribution to health and disease.

"There's a tremendous amount of research worldwide into how genes work and the first step in understanding the function of a new gene is often to discover exactly where it's active.

"Understanding this function in mice can help us look at similar gene function in humans."

Dr Sharpe said OPT was efficient and cost effective.

Thus it should be feasible to use the technology to generate comprehensive information for all genes of the genome.

This would provide scientists with a 3D map of where the genes perform their function.

He said: "This would be an invaluable resource for scientists around the world, comparable to the map of the genome itself."

Scientists are already working on a comprehensive 3D atlas of mouse genes.

Most mouse genes function in the same way as their human counterparts.

The research is published in the journal Science.

See also:

03 Mar 02 | Health
Scans to boost disease research
06 Dec 01 | Sci/Tech
3D brain mappers scan thousands
17 Jun 01 | Health
Better way to view cancer
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