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Saturday, 11 August, 2001, 23:25 GMT 00:25 UK
Malaria cure 'may be found at Kew'
Researchers at Kew are examining plants for cures
Researchers at Kew are examining plants for cures
The acres of London's Kew Gardens, usually seen as a pleasant visitor attraction, may hold the secret of a cure for malaria.

Researchers at the Kew's laboratories are looking at 2,000 plants around the world which indigenous peoples have used to treat the disease.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates there are between 300 and 500 million clinical cases of malaria globally each year.

More than a hundred plants have been found to have anti malarial properties, and at least 10 have ''real potential'', say the scientists.

Scientists have examined over 2,000 plants
Scientists have examined over 2,000 plants
In addition to anti-malarials, plants may contain a cure for HIV, an antidote to diabetes or even protection against cancer.

Kew gets plants sent from the Americas and Africa for testing, and also grows many of its own potentially useful species.

Plants from across the world

Plectranthus, a plant from Brazil is one of many which has been used by traditional healers in South America.

Professor Monique Simmonds is overseeing the first scientific tests of the plant.

It will be distilled and the chemicals extracted to see if it has anti malarial properties.

She told the BBC: "We're really going back, and reinventing the wheel, looking again at some of the techniques we possibly dismissed a little while ago.

"In the last 20 - 30 years we were looking for a vaccine for malaria. But natural products from plants might come to the fore in the search for antimalarials."

Poisonous plants database

Many of the plants being looked at for their anti-malarial properties also have the ability to repel mosquitoes.

Prof Simmonds is to visit Colombia next week to tell the scientific community there what she's found.

Professor Simmonds is leading the work
Professor Simmonds is leading the work
Kew's other work includes taking visitors' suggestions on other plants which might have health benefits.

The experts at Kew were recently asked by doctors to design a CD Rom of poisonous plants after a child nearly died a from eating one which no one could identify.

No major pharmaceutical companies have expressed an interest in the anti malarial work being done at Kew.

But the researchers say their hope simply is to help countries hit by malaria get rid of the disease using their own, inexpensive methods.

 WATCH/LISTEN
 ON THIS STORY
The BBC's Lucy Atherton
"Their hope simply is to help Malaria hit countries"
See also:

07 Jun 01 | Health
Cattle used to fight malaria
23 May 01 | Health
Africa to get cheap malaria drug
26 Jul 99 | Medical notes
Malaria
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